capuchin

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Related to capuchin monkeys: Cebinae

capuchin

(kăp`yo͞ochĭn), name for New World monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
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 of the genus Cebus, widely distributed in tropical forests of Central and South America. Medium-sized monkeys, they have a body length of 14 to 24 in. (36–61 cm), with a tail up to 20 in. (50 cm) long, and weigh 2 to 4 lb (0.9–1.8 kg). The coat is black or brown, with lighter markings on the chest in some species. The flattened face is naked and pink. Members of some species have manes resembling the cowls of capuchin monks. The tail is partially prehensile, that is, it can be used for grasping but not with the dexterity displayed by most New World monkeys. It is usually carried with the end curled in a spiral, hence the alternate name, ringtail monkey. Capuchins travel in groups through the trees, making loud sounds, and rarely descend to the ground. They feed on leaves, fruit, insects, small animals, and bird eggs. They are easily trained and are well known from circuses and as the classic organ-grinder's monkey. In the wild they use simple tools, such as rocks, for such tasks as cracking the hard shells of fruits. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cebidae.

Capuchin

 

(Cebus), a genus of American prehensile-tailed monkey of the Cebidae family.

Capuchins have relatively large, round skulls, with a shortened facial section, moderately long limbs, and a well-developed thumb. The tail is long and covered with hair, and the final third is prehensile. Capuchins inhabit the lush tropical forests of Central and South America, living in trees, chiefly in groups of eight to 30 individuals. They feed on leaves, fruits, nuts, insects, bird eggs, and fledglings. There are several species. The white-throated capuchin (C. capucinus) has black fur on most of its body but yellowish-white fur on the forehead or throat and chest and shoulders, a body length of about 45 cm, and a tail of 40–50 cm. The brown capuchin (C. apella) has a black crest, a body length of 35–45 cm, and a tail of 38–48 cm. Capuchins are often kept in zoos, where they usually reproduce successfully.

REFERENCES

Weber, M. Primaty. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from German.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6:Mlekopitaiushchie. Moscow, 1971.

M. F. NESTURKH

capuchin

1. any agile intelligent New World monkey of the genus Cebus, inhabiting forests in South America, typically having a cowl of thick hair on the top of the head
2. a rare variety of domestic fancy pigeon

Capuchin

a. a friar belonging to a strict and autonomous branch of the Franciscan order founded in 1525
b. (as modifier): a Capuchin friar
References in periodicals archive ?
Taking a capuchin monkey from fellow members of its species and raising it by hand isn't appropriate in conservation.
Even more promising for studying long-term changes in diet is the use of stone and hard wood pounding tools for opening nuts and other food items, as practised by chimpanzees, capuchin monkeys and long-tailed macaques (Boesch & Boesch 1990; Ottoni & Izar 2008; Canale et al.
Paul is a 15-year-old capuchin monkey (see Nuts & Bolts, p.
The goal of this study was to examine the learning style of capuchin monkeys.
Meanwhile, medical experts also confirmed that she had suffered malnutrition in her youth, which as per the Capuchin monkeys expert was due to living off a diet of just fruit and nuts.
NEW SERIES The capuchin monkeys (left), giant otters and jaguars show off their amazing survival skills.
Bradford woman Marina Chapman made headlines around the world earlier this year with her extraordinary claim that she spent five years of her childhood alone in the South American rainforest - and that she owes her survival to the tiny capuchin monkeys who accepted her as one of their own.
THE WOMAN RAISED BY MONKEYS (9pm National Geographic) IT'S A story you long to be true - Bradford woman Marina Chapman, inset, made headlines around the world earlier this year with her claim that she spent five years of her childhood alone in the South American rainforest - and owes her survival to the tiny capuchin monkeys who accepted her as one of their own.
That's when she moved in with a colony of Capuchin monkeys and learned to catch prey like rabbits and birds with her bare hands, just as the primates do.
LION cubs, tiger cubs and cute capuchin monkeys are just some of cuddly creatures being offered for sale on the internet - by scammers.
A]: Capuchin monkeys were chosen for the job due to the fact that they have the following qualities: