caraway


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caraway,

biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.

Caraway

 

(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.

A. T. KSENDZ

caraway

[′kar·ə‚wā]
(botany)
Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.

caraway

1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
Get Car-Away-ed with Irish Flavor Caraway is a classic ingredient in Irish cuisine.
In a pot large enough to carry all the ingredients, put the pork cheeks, half of each type of sausage, the bacon, fennel seeds, caraway seeds, fennel, tomatoes, garlic, onion, celery, bay, rosemary, apple juice and chicken stock.
I think if Ronda Rousey and Bryan Caraway talked enough s**t and they decided to go at it, I don't have any problem with that if they both agree to it.
Ingredients: 250 g rice, preferred Iranian rice 200 g ground meat 400 g green cabbage, chopped 1 medium onion, chopped 1 teaspoon tomato paste 2 tablespoons turmeric 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon 1/4 teaspoon caraway powder 1 teaspoon pepper salt cooking oil Directions: 1 First, chop onions and fry in small amount of oil until the color changes to golden,.
Now they make four tasty varieties--Jalapeno Honey Dills, Habanero Horseradish, Garlic Caraway, Aji Chile Sour--and a mean Bloody Mary mix.
Ingredients: 2 teaspoons olive oil; 1 small red onion, finely chopped; 1 garlic clove, crushed; 300g Italian pork sausages; 200g pork mince; 1 teaspoon caraway seeds; 2 Granny Smith apples, grated; 2 sheets frozen ready-rolled puff pastry, partially thawed; 1 egg, lightly beaten; tomato sauce, to serve Method: Preheat oven to 200degC.
With their father, Brion Marquez, and Alex's mother, Nell Caraway, plus a cast of about 25 other non-family employees, the Marquez siblings make up IRIS Educational Media.
Caraway, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 2007, 208 pp.
3 cups all-purpose flour 2/3 cup sugar 1 teaspoon salt 1 tablespoon baking powder 1 teaspoon baking soda 1 1/2 cups raisins 3 teaspoons caraway seeds 2 large eggs, beaten 2 cups buttermilk 2 tablespoons salted butter, melted Softened butter for serving
So, if you want to relieve digestion, get the warmth about you and 'promote your Qi', a spoonful of aniseed, of fennel and of caraway in some hot water makes a delicate tea.
All of the company s six locations on the Mississippi Gulf Coast are closed awaiting updates on local curfews, Caraway said.