caraway


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

caraway,

biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.

Caraway

 

(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.

A. T. KSENDZ

caraway

[′kar·ə‚wā]
(botany)
Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.

caraway

1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
5% w/w) was obtained by macerating powdered caraway seeds in distilled water for 24 hours.
Caraway, however, says he doesn't know if he wants a reality show because reality shows take it whatever to make your life crazy.
Back when Caraway, Brion Marquez and business partner Adam Wendt started IRIS Ed in 1999, "It was an acronym for something, but I can't even remember it any more," Caraway said.
Caraway, assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Minnesota, takes a closer look at gender inequalities in the manufacturing sector post World War II in the developing world.
So, if you want to relieve digestion, get the warmth about you and 'promote your Qi', a spoonful of aniseed, of fennel and of caraway in some hot water makes a delicate tea.
Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) was the first woman to succeed her spouse in the Senate and also the first female initially elected to a full six-year Senate term.
Add flavouring if required, we use raisin and caraway, rosemary and olive and parmesan and grain mustard.
Barbara Mallory Caraway, D-Dallas, are giving it a try anyway, arguing that it is time for Johnson to pass the baton in southern Dallas County's District 30.
1 3/4 cups caraway cloud base, from above, room temperature
It's an Irish stout made with doses of flaked rye and caraway seeds, 5.
serves four to five) Takes 15 minutes to make, and one hour to cook INGREDIENTS 6 medium beetroots 2 tbsp olive oil 2 tsp caraway seeds ' onion 500g pork mince 50g fresh white breadcrumbs 2 tbsp double cream zest of 1 lemon 2 tbsp finely chopped dill salt and pepper 150ml soured cream rye or bread or new potatoes, sprinkled with fresh dill, to serve METHOD 1.