caraway

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caraway,

biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.

Caraway

 

(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.

A. T. KSENDZ

caraway

[′kar·ə‚wā]
(botany)
Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.

caraway

1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
Caraway seeds in control plants were characterized by a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) (56.
Cumin, coriander; chervil, sage, asafetida, caraway seeds, garlic, nutmeg, cinnamon, vanilla, sea, salt, kosher salt, pepper; dill, Italian parsley, allspice, clove, baking powder, baking soda, cilantro, lavender, paprika, basil, rosemary, thyme, cocoa, ginger, brown sugar, sesame seeds, poppy seeds, turmeric, black mustard seeds, tamarind, garam masala, pumpkin seeds, honey.
caraway seeds -- 12 small red potatoes, cleaned -- 1 1/2 cups Krrrrisp Kraut(R) Sauerkraut -- 1 lb.
25g caraway seeds 500ml rapeseed oil (or use sunflower oil) 1/2 garlic bulb 25g rosemary and thyme 100g of a good local blue cheese - we use Carol Peacock's Morden Blue, produced by Parlour Made in Sedgfield.
Made with 100 percent whole grains, the Deli Rye bread brings traditional rye bread flavor and caraway seeds to real, healthy bread - minus the gluten.
The book, titled 'A Friend To The Sick, or The Honest Englishman's Preservation', explained that taking a loaf made with one part of caraway seeds, cutting it through the middle and applying it to the ears was an easy cure for earaches.
It's a mixture of peppers, dried red chillies, garlic, caraway seeds, ground cumin and coriander, tomato puree, salt and olive oil.
ARAS AN UACHTARAIN LUNCH MENU*Smoked free range chicken, onion marmalade, boxty with crisped organic bacon and micro leaves *Roast turbot with fish sauce, tartlet with creamed celeriac and crisped beetroot and potato rose *Shredded cabbage hearts with caraway seeds *Buttermilk ice-cream *Compote of rhubarb and caramel *Oatcake biscuits, tea and coffee, petits fours *Wine: Baron de Ladoucette Puilly Fume 2008, Chateau Pontac-Lynch, Margaux, 2004
4 litres full-cream milk Splash of rich white wine (Chenin Blanc or Chardonnay) 2 tbsps butter Splash of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil 500ml chicken or vegetable stock S&P 1 tsp caraway seeds Crme frache Chives /thyme Toast the bread cubes in the oven, until they're a nice dark colour.
Here are our favourite recipes: Chris Edwardes from Aloha Burning Love Ingredients: 30mls 42BELOW Feijoa, 20mls Galliano Authentico, 10mls Chartreuse, 30mls Donn''s mix of grapefruit and cinnamon, 2 dashes absinthe, 20mls lemon juice, 40mls apple juice Method: Shaken strain into a Tiki mug, garnish with allspice, cinnamon and caraway seeds, flame with Chartreuse.