carbonylation


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carbonylation

[kär‚bän·əl′ā·shən]
(chemistry)
Introduction of a carbonyl radical into a molecule.
References in periodicals archive ?
An age-associated decline of ATPase activity due to carbonylation of a subunit was also observed in mouse skeletal muscle [31].
Actin carbonylation was obtained subjecting derivatized cardiac proteins to SDS-PAGE and immunoblot with anti-DNP antibodies (Oxyblot) (c) followed by stripping and reprobing with anti-actin antibodies (d).
Comprehensively covering modern carbonylation chemistry, this book is an indispensable companion for all synthetic chemists working in industry and academia.
Protein carbonylation is the nonenzymatic addition of aldehydes or ketones to specific amino acid residues.
Three studies indicated that HD treatment per se augments lipid peroxidation, assessed by MDA [29, 70] and F2-isoprostanes levels [50], and induces protein damage, assessed by protein carbonylation [53].
63] found that the protective effect of pyridoxal against protein carbonylation and DNA damage was maintained over time, and, in the case of DNA oxidation, pyridoxal exhibited an antidotal or rescue effect.
Among the parameters evaluated were the glycaemia, ROS production, lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and nonprotein thiols levels in liver, as well as the activities of enzymes 5-ALA-D, SOD, and CAT in liver.
For example, protein carbonylation and lipid peroxidation adducts, namely, 4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and MDA, were increased in the gastrocnemius (Gas) muscle of rats bearing Yoshida AH-130 hepatoma tumor [35].
Commercially, acetic acid is mainly produced from methanol carbonylation and acetaldehyde oxidation, which causes many problems such as corrosion and the disposal of environmentally unfriendly byproducts.
Lipid peroxidation and protein carbonylation are induced by a high cholesterol diet, which can be reduced by the yerba mate extracts.
The results of histone carbonylation assays suggest that FA reacts with proteins.
In this field, Saanxi Xinghua Group Corporation and Dalian Chemical Institute jointly carried out the "Synthetic Gas System of Ethanol Technology" Project Research and Development Work, through a numerous amount of innovative research, successfully opened up a coal-based gas as raw material, the methanol, Dimethyl ether carbonylation, hydrogenation synthesis of ethanol.