cardiac muscle


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cardiac muscle

[′kärd·ē‚ak ¦məs·əl]
(histology)
The principal tissue of the vertebrate heart; composed of a syncytium of striated muscle fibers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Experiments have already been carried out with many different materials that could provide a scaffold substance for the loading of cardiac muscle cells.
We homogenized 30 mg of adult human skeletal or cardiac muscle tissue in 3 mL of 0.
Having a pure population of cardiac muscle cells is essential for avoiding tumor formation after transplantation, but has been technically challenging.
Due to its absolute coronary specificity and high sensitivity, cardiac troponin I is considered the preferred biomarker for diagnosing cardiac muscle damage, particularly following a heart attack.
Cardiac cells grown in the laboratory as cell sheets can be layered to form myocardial tissue grafts which, when transplanted into animals, will beat like normal cardiac muscle and can survive and function for at least a year, according to a report in the March 2006 issue (Volume 12, Number 3) issue of Tissue Engineering, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Once damaged by heart attack, cardiac muscle has very little capacity for self-repair and at present there are no clinical treatments available to repair damaged cardiac muscle tissue.
Cardionogen treatment enlarged the zebrafish heart by stimulating production of new cardiac muscle cells from stem cells.
Each year, he notes, 400,000 people in the United States develop end-stage heart failure -- a serious weakening of the heart due to the death of some portion of cardiac muscle.
These results highlight one of the putative mechanisms of action by which fresh, uncultured adipose stem cells contribute to the repair of damaged cardiac muscle, specifically the angiogenic effects," Milstein said.
August 5, 2012 -- Researchers have found in an animal study that grafts of human cardiac muscle cells grown from embryonic stem cells were able to couple electrically and contract synchronously with host muscle following transplantation in guinea pig hearts.
To date, the majority of studies using induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac muscle cells have focused on single cell functional analysis," said senior author Todd J.
The review highlights the proposed mechanisms by which adipose stem cells contribute to the repair of damaged cardiac muscle, specifically the angiogenic effects and the prevention of cell death as primary mechanisms as well as differentiation into new cardiac muscle.