cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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Related to cardiac resuscitation: heart massage, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

(CPR), emergency procedure used to treat victims of cardiac and respiratory arrest. CPR can be done in a hospital with drugs and special equipment or as a first-aid technique. In either case it is done with great urgency to avoid the brain damage or death that result from four to six minutes without oxygen.

The first-aid procedure uses external heart massage (to keep the blood flowing through the body), which may be combined with artificial respiration (to keep air flowing in and out of the lungs). The victim is placed face up and if artificial respirationartificial respiration,
any measure that causes air to flow in and out of a person's lungs when natural breathing is inadequate or ceases, as in respiratory paralysis, drowning, electric shock, choking, gas or smoke inhalation, or poisoning.
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 is to be used, prepared for that. The person administering CPR places his or her hands (one on top of the other, with fingers interlocked) heel down on the victim's breastbone, leans forward, and makes 30 quick, rhythmical compressions (at a rate of about two per second) of about 2 in. (5 cm). This is followed by two breaths, administered using the mouth-to-mouth method of artificial respiration. CPR for infants and children differs in the ratio of compressions to breaths, and the compression of the chest is only 1 to 1.5 in. (2.5 to 3.8 cm). Ideally the procedure is done by two people, one to give mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration and one to apply external heart massage, and special training is recommended.

External heart massage alone may be given if a person is unwilling or unable to provide artificial respiration; studies have shown that heart massage alone can be as effective as both techniques combined. External heart massage only, also known as hands-only CPR, at the rate of 100 compressions per minute, is now considered as acceptable as standard CPR for teenagers and adults who have not collapsed due to breathing problems or drug abuse or who are not drowning victims.

It is recommended that CPR be continued for at least 45 minutes, but if there is no pulse after 20 minutes, experts now recommend considering other prodecures such as extracorporeal membrance oxygenation, in which the blood is circulated through an external filter that oxygenates it. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the hospital is an aggressive technique employing drugs and defibrillation equipment, which administers an electrical shock to the heart in an attempt to restore the heartbeat. There is some controversy surrounding its use in patients whose prognosis is poor.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

[¦kärd·ē·ō′pu̇l·mə‚ner·ē ri‚səs·ə′tā·shən]
(medicine)
The simultaneous forced ventilation of the lungs and squeezing of the heart ventricles to sustain the flow of oxygenated blood throughout the system; often applied in cases of cardiac arrest. Abbreviated CPR.
References in periodicals archive ?
Philips is a global leader in emergency care and cardiac resuscitation solutions.
The first five minutes after cardiac arrest are critical and instant cardiac resuscitation during this time is vital to help the heart resume beating.
Used by health care professionals to provide both types of cardiac resuscitation -- pacing and defibrillation -- these products are essential in the emergency treatment of cardiac arrest victims, both inside and outside the hospital.
Used by health care professionals to provide both types of cardiac resuscitation - pacing and defibrillation - these products are essential in the emergency treatment of cardiac arrest victims, both inside and outside the hospital.
Kerber, associate director of the division of cardiology at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, and an authority on cardiac resuscitation.
a manufacturer of non-invasive cardiac resuscitation devices which provide pacing and defibrillation, has announced record second quarter net revenues of $16,989,000, an increase of 25% as compared to net revenues of $13,585,000 in the second quarter last year.
For now, he says, physicians do not consider implanting a defibrillator unless a patient has already experienced a potentially lethal arrhythmia and/or a cardiac resuscitation.
Brain recovery is the main determinant of outcome for patients who survive cardiac resuscitation," says Alejandro Rabinstein, M.
They would have the clear option of specifically rejecting or demanding such things as cardiac resuscitation, mechanical respiration, artificial nutrition, or antibiotics in the event that they become permanently unconscious or irreversibly brain-damaged while in a terminal condition.
The digital Q-CPR meter enables cardiac resuscitation responders to rapidly adjust performance with real-time feedback for each compression, which is displayed directly at patient chest level.
Cardiac Science, a maker of cardiac resuscitation and diagnostic equipment, has said a weakening sales outlook is forcing it to slash about 66 employees, or 12 percent, from its payroll this quarter.

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