These patients were followed up for 3 days in ICU after undergoing operation on cardiac valves
It has the potential to help reduce the risk of patient complications generally caused by foreign material in the body, as well as the risk of repeated procedures normally needed for patients with existing replacement parts such as cardiac valves
,1,2,3,4,5 therefore possibly lowering the overall healthcare costs.
Nevertheless, the fact that [approximately equal to] 20% of the cardiac valve
tissues were PCR positive for Bartonella perhaps indicates that the bacteria had localized to the valves of infected coyotes.
In people with the illness, the cardiac valves
thicken, which impedes blood flow and increases blood pressure in the heart.
Papillary fibroelastomas occur in elderly patients (age range 60 [+ or -] 16 years) and reach sizes of 9 [+ or -] 4 mm over the cardiac valves
In laboratory tests, the mechanical cardiac valves
reached a theoretical life of between 100 and 300 years working at a normal heart rate of 60-80 beats per minute.
They includes patients with prosthetic cardiac valves
or previous IE, or those with congenital heart defects.
The cardiac patients who should continue to receive antibiotics prior to dental procedures because of their increased risk for severe complications from IE are those with prosthetic cardiac valves
or previous episodes of infective endocarditis, and heart transplant patients who have developed abnormal cardiac valves
Other dopamine agonists may also have an impact on cardiac valves
, although the clinical implications are unclear.
But unlike mammals and birds, crocodilians have special cardiac valves
that sometimes shunt blood between the oxygenated and deoxygenated parts of the system (SN: 8/26/00, p.
Minocycline, a derivative of tetracycline, can also cause pigmentation in the skin, nails, oral mucosa, teeth, eyes, bones, cardiac valves
, coronary vessels, substantia nigra, and atherosclerotic plaques.
The cardiac valves
, especially the mitral and aortic valves, are most commonly involved.