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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the peculiar characteristics of the care for the veteran is that eligibility is variable from site to site.
By promoting healthy living and prevention, MCOs can reduce the cost of care for which they are responsible.
Long-term Care Facilities--Day care homes are for those unable to care for themselves who have no relatives to help.
The Alzheimer's Association and the NCCC are collaborating to create operational models of integrated care for people with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders.
This article summarizes the results of this search and provides a commentary on the role of physicians in assuring quality of care for their patients.
Health Professions Education and Managed Care: Challenges and Necessary Responses," Report of the Advisory Panel on Health Professions Education and Managed Care for the Pew Health Professions Committee, 1995.
Indeed, in the Medicaid arena, 36 states already contract for full-risk arrangements with health plans; 27 of those states mandate enrollment into managed care for Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) recipients.
Supportive counseling during the illness and bereavement care for one year following the death of the patient are services that set hospice apart.
Managed care organizations are starting to show a real recognition of the special needs of the chronic care population -- for example, patients with congestive head failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or patients who are undergoing cancer chemotherapy, do not always need emergency services or intensive care for a crisis episode.
Specialty manaement of chronic conditions can allow specialists to manage the care for brittle" diabetics, COPD.
In addition, some assisted living operators are experimenting with models designed to care for lower-income residents.
The second force is the belief, by health plans and others, that PCPS as gatekeepers provide lower cost, higher quality health care for capitated managed care patients.