care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Each piece seems to have been written by a different hand; all are in versions of sixteenth-century secretary script, differing in size, colour of ink, degree of carefulness, and choice of letter-forms.
Honda's robust numbers came despite sluggish car sales at home and underscored Honda's carefulness in concentrating on the US market but also its heavy dependence on it.
In the text proper, Middleton begins by discussing the quality of the mayor's reception into London and then moves to comment on his dealing with the Grocers, the sponsoring guild ("the wardens and committees, men of much understanding, industry, and carefulness, little weighing the greatness of expense, so the cost might purchase perfection" [lines 27-29]).
The questions were "How would you rate: (1) the thoroughness and carefulness of the examination and treatment you received?
probable success depends on the carefulness of the preparations and the
It engenders a certain carefulness that causes that person to judge and act more attentively.
It shows employees that workplace safety is important to management and it instills a climate of carefulness, which is always cost-effective.
I was impressed by how knowledgeable he was, how judicious his views were and the carefulness of his language as he talked about events, even the lingering horrors of the war in Vietnam.
Wenger's spending carefulness is all very honourable, but the Champions League is where his spendthrift transfer policy will really be tested.
Every reference hook is only as trustworthy as the carefulness of its preparation.
Paula, whose prose is quite spare but never feels 'minimal' or skeletal at all, shows us that all so-called minimalism is good old-fashioned carefulness in narration.
Ancerl respected composers' original scores with an unusually high degree of thoroughness and carefulness.