carnivore


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carnivore

(kär`nəvôr'), term commonly applied to any animal whose diet consists wholly or largely of animal matter. In animal systematics it refers to members of the mammalian order Carnivora (see ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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). This large order is divided into two suborders, the Fissipedia, or land carnivores, and the Pinnipedia, or fin-footed carnivores. The Fissipedia encompasses two superfamilies: one (Canoidea) includes the dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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, bearbear,
large mammal of the family Ursidae in the order Carnivora, found almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere. Bears have large heads, bulky bodies, massive hindquarters, short, powerful limbs, very short tails, and coarse, thick fur.
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, raccoonraccoon,
nocturnal New World mammal of the genus Procyon. The common raccoon of North America, Procyon lotor, also called coon, is found from S Canada to South America, except in parts of the Rocky Mts. and in deserts.
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, and weaselweasel,
name for certain small, lithe, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae (weasel family). Members of this family are generally characterized by long bodies and necks, short legs, small rounded ears, and medium to long tails.
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 families and the other (Feloidea) includes the catcat,
name applied broadly to the carnivorous mammals constituting the family Felidae, and specifically to the domestic cat, Felis catus. The great roaring cats, the lion, tiger, and leopard are anatomically very similar to one another and constitute the genus
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, civetcivet
or civet cat,
any of a large group of mostly nocturnal mammals of the Old World family Viverridae (civet family), which also includes the mongoose. Civets are not true cats, but the civet family is related to the cat family (Felidae).
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, and hyenahyena
, carnivorous, chiefly nocturnal mammal of the Old World family Hyaenidae. Although doglike in appearance, hyenas are more closely related to civets (family Viverridae) and cats (family Felidae) than to dogs (family Canidae).
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 families. The Pinnipedia, often classified as a separate order, includes the sealseal,
carnivorous aquatic mammal with front and hind feet modified as flippers, or fin-feet. The name seal is sometimes applied broadly to any of the fin-footed mammals, or pinnipeds, including the walrus, the eared seals (sea lion and fur seal), and the true seals, also called
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, sea lionsea lion,
fin-footed marine mammal of the eared seal family (Otariidae). Like the other member of this family, the fur seal, the sea lion is distinguished from the true seal by its external ears, long, flexible neck, supple forelimbs, and hind flippers that can be turned forward
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, and walruswalrus,
marine mammal, Odobenus rosmarus, found in Arctic seas. Largest of the fin-footed mammals, or pinnipeds (see seal), the walrus is also distinguished by its long tusks and by cheek pads bearing quill-like bristles.
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 families. The term herbivore refers to animals whose diets consist wholly or largely of plant matter; omnivore refers to animals that eat both animal and plant matter. Unlike the term carnivore, these terms do not refer to any one group in animal systematics.

Bibliography

See R. F. Ewer, The Carnivores (1986); J. L. Gittleman, Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution (1989).

carnivore

1. any placental mammal of the order Carnivora, typically having large pointed canine teeth and sharp molars and premolars, specialized for eating flesh. The order includes cats, dogs, bears, raccoons, hyenas, civets, and weasels
2. any other animal or any plant that feeds on animals

Carnivore

A network analyzer used by the FBI that analyzes e-mail packets of suspected criminals. Officially known as DCS100, FBI agents bring Windows 2000 PCs with the Carnivore software installed into an ISP and plug them into a switch port. Carnivore was designed to capture all e-mail packets as they originated as well as be able to hone in on just the suspected user without reading packets from others. See network analyzer.
References in periodicals archive ?
Along with 50+ Tigers and two dozen Mountain Lions and Leopards, the Sanctuary has an impressive collection of carnivores living just 30 miles northeast of the mile-high city of Denver, Colorado.
The big, charismatic - some say scary - carnivores that roam the earth are slipping slowly into extinction, and the rest of us will miss a lot more than their dramatic turns on nature shows.
The dogs arrived on 8 November at the Ruaha Carnivore Project and are from the CCF's Livestock Guard Dog programme.
I put The Carnivore aside and reread it a week later, and the second time around it was the detailed research and the beauty of the writing that impressed me, the way Sinnett captures the lure and excitement of illicit sex--in Ray's case the actuality of it, in Mary's the imagining of it.
Conclusions--Despite the limited identifications, the fossil specimens show that the Turtle Butte Assemblage has a diverse carnivore component with five distinct carnivore taxa, Three canid and two arctoid carnivores are present in the assemblage.
From the experience of reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone and the following public opposition we know that in the background there are not carnivore presence or their numbers, but much more serious social issues, related to access to social power, conflicting ideas about private property, and divergent beliefs about nature (Wilson, 1997).
TABLE A: BAT IDENTIFICATION CHART SANGUIVORE BAT CARNIVORE BAT Stomach Has a pouch to Single-chambered hold undigested blood; regurgitates this blood to share with other bats if necessary Teeth Skin-piercing Sharp, pointed mouthparts Saliva Anticoagulants Lacks anticoagulants present to keep and amylase victim's blood (enzyme that begins from clotting the digestion of starch) HERBIVORE BAT Stomach Four chambers Teeth Mostly flat Saliva Contains amylase TABLE B: FEEDING CHART TYPE OF BAT FOOD Sanguivore Blood Carnivore Insects, mice, fish, frogs Herbivore Nectar, flowers, fruits
With a large seating area divided into various outdoor and indoor sections, an extensive drinks menu, and professional carvers slicing large skewers of meat with panache onto your plate, there is much to enjoy about Carnivore.
Remote camera-trap methods and analyses reveal impacts of rangeland management on Namibian carnivore communities.
Where the members of the Five Realms are constantly warring, the Realms of Carnivore, Vegan, Aquan, Avian and the lesser-known gReptile must survive by instinct coupled with sheer animosity.
Linsenmair, 2006, Clouded leopards, the secretive top carnivore of South-East Asian rainforests: their distribution, status and conservation needs in Sabah, Malaysia.
The take-home message is clear: the presence of a viable carnivore guild is fundamental to maintaining biodiversity," concludes the study, which was led by Duke University environmental professor John Terborgh.