carob

(redirected from carob tree)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

carob

(kăr`əb), leguminous evergreen tree (Ceratonia siliqua) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), native to Mediterranean regions but cultivated in other warm climates, including Florida and California. The large red pods have been used for food for animal and man since prehistoric times. The pods and their extracted content have numerous common names, e.g., locust bean gum and St.-John's-bread—the latter from the belief that they may have been the "locust" eaten by John the Baptist in the wilderness (Mark 1.6). Carob is used also for curing tobacco, in papermaking, and as a stabilizer in food products. It has been claimed that the seeds were the original of the carat, the measure of weight for precious jewels and metals. Carob is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
Enlarge picture
carob

carob

Use pliers to open seed pods to remove hard stone-like seeds, then grind up the pods into powder and mix in drinks as chocolate substitute, or simply chew the pods raw and spit out the seeds. Makes a great survival food. Tastes similar to chocolate, but with less fat and caffeine. Has mild binding properties so you don't go to the bathroom too much.

Carob

 

(Ceratonia siliqua), also St. John’s-bread or algarroba, a tree of the family Caesalpiniaceae. The carob reaches a height of 10 m and has a broad crown. The evergreen leaves are compact and pinnate, and the tiny flowers are gathered in racemes. The calyx is plain and deciduous; there is no corolla. The carob is cultivated in the Mediterranean region, and in some places it grows wild. In the USSR it is occasionally grown in the moist subtropics of Georgia and Azerbaijan. Carob pods, brown in color and indehiscent, are about 10–25 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, and 0.5–1 cm thick. In addition to seeds, they contain a sweet, juicy pulp with a sugar content of approximately 50 percent. The fruits are cultivated for use as food (candy or a coffee substitute) and as forage for cattle. The juice can be squeezed from the pods and used as a sweet syrup or as a raw material in the production of alcohol. The hard, flat, brown seeds served in ancient times as a measure of weight.

carob

an evergreen leguminous Mediterranean tree, Ceratonia siliqua, with compound leaves and edible pods
References in periodicals archive ?
Eliezer's powers over nature; his prayers are readily answered; he controls the seas; Heaven does what he wishes to the carob tree, the stream, and the walls of the study-house, and the very crops in the fields respond to his will.
The carob tree planting will also benefit the environment, as it aids reforestation with trees which are known to be resistant to fire.
Nearly 18 kilometers square and cutting across 21 villages distributed in the districts of Marjayoun, Nabatieh and Jbeil, the area hosts a diversity of tree species, such as oak, bay laurels, hawthorns and carob trees.
Stumpy, gnarled carob trees grow among the wheat and barley fields around the village and line the rocky trails that lead into the rolling countryside nearby, and the air was full of birdsong and the scent of orange blossom- a perfect day for walking.
Several ancient and gnarled carob trees grows by the cave.
In the San Fernando Valley, when fall-flowering carob trees begin to waft their unique perfume, it is a signal that the worst of the year's heat is over and that fall planting may begin in earnest.
If the halacha is according to my view, let the carob tree prove it.
Before remodeling, about all that this garden contained was a pocket-size deck, a buzz-cut carob tree, a tired lawn, and an old fiberglass fence.
The carob tree was chosen as it's a beautiful tree to decorate roads and the entrances to villages.
My German guide Michael explained the carob tree - I'd previously associated it with luscious chocolate honey-style syrup - was the basis for an ancient bartering and weighing system.
They buried her and carved the words difunta Correa (deceased Correa) on the trunk of a nearby carob tree.