carob

(redirected from carob trees)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to carob trees: Hormuz

carob

(kăr`əb), leguminous evergreen tree (Ceratonia siliqua) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), native to Mediterranean regions but cultivated in other warm climates, including Florida and California. The large red pods have been used for food for animal and man since prehistoric times. The pods and their extracted content have numerous common names, e.g., locust bean gum and St.-John's-bread—the latter from the belief that they may have been the "locust" eaten by John the Baptist in the wilderness (Mark 1.6). Carob is used also for curing tobacco, in papermaking, and as a stabilizer in food products. It has been claimed that the seeds were the original of the carat, the measure of weight for precious jewels and metals. Carob is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
Enlarge picture
carob

carob

Use pliers to open seed pods to remove hard stone-like seeds, then grind up the pods into powder and mix in drinks as chocolate substitute, or simply chew the pods raw and spit out the seeds. Makes a great survival food. Tastes similar to chocolate, but with less fat and caffeine. Has mild binding properties so you don't go to the bathroom too much.

Carob

 

(Ceratonia siliqua), also St. John’s-bread or algarroba, a tree of the family Caesalpiniaceae. The carob reaches a height of 10 m and has a broad crown. The evergreen leaves are compact and pinnate, and the tiny flowers are gathered in racemes. The calyx is plain and deciduous; there is no corolla. The carob is cultivated in the Mediterranean region, and in some places it grows wild. In the USSR it is occasionally grown in the moist subtropics of Georgia and Azerbaijan. Carob pods, brown in color and indehiscent, are about 10–25 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, and 0.5–1 cm thick. In addition to seeds, they contain a sweet, juicy pulp with a sugar content of approximately 50 percent. The fruits are cultivated for use as food (candy or a coffee substitute) and as forage for cattle. The juice can be squeezed from the pods and used as a sweet syrup or as a raw material in the production of alcohol. The hard, flat, brown seeds served in ancient times as a measure of weight.

carob

an evergreen leguminous Mediterranean tree, Ceratonia siliqua, with compound leaves and edible pods
References in periodicals archive ?
We say that those who sleep under an olive tree will wake refreshed, while those who sleep under a carob tree have bad dreams," Nicolas told me.
At one time, there were reportedly more than two million carob trees in Cyprus, and in the 1900s, their pods were among Cyprus' main exports, used as livestock feed, in sweets and medicines and even as an aphrodisiac.
It is not uncommon for passers-by to pick the edible legumes, relatives of the pea family, of the carob tree to savor its odd combination of dry and sweet flavors.
According to legend, the two men lived off spring water and the fruit of a miraculous carob tree during their years of hiding, and passed the time by writing books about Jewish mysticism.
Six thousand carob trees will be planted on Sunday at Orites, Paphos, the first of 40,000 that will make up the biggest organic carob plantation on the island as part of the University of Cyprus' Black Gold project.
Both sides of the road are now lined with carob trees, transforming the entrance to the Zawtar villages into an attractive and verdant haven during both summer and winter months.
The island offers unspoiled countryside dotted with olive groves and fields of melons, vines and carob trees.
In the Valley, when fall-flowering carob trees begin to waft their unique perfume, it is a signal that the worst of the year's heat is over and that fall planting may begin in earnest.
Some crops such as carob trees and pomegranates are underutilised and their seeds must also be saved.
When the pupils found out the 39 carob trees around the campus perimeter would be removed, they decided to let the city know just how they felt.
But show up they did: 250 volunteers coming together to plant 1,000 pistachio bushes, carob trees, wild olives and cypresses, in what Veronika describes as "a wonderful event, full of enthusiasm
The fire burned three square kilometres of wild foliage, pine trees and carob trees.