carob

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carob

(kăr`əb), leguminous evergreen tree (Ceratonia siliqua) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), native to Mediterranean regions but cultivated in other warm climates, including Florida and California. The large red pods have been used for food for animal and man since prehistoric times. The pods and their extracted content have numerous common names, e.g., locust bean gum and St.-John's-bread—the latter from the belief that they may have been the "locust" eaten by John the Baptist in the wilderness (Mark 1.6). Carob is used also for curing tobacco, in papermaking, and as a stabilizer in food products. It has been claimed that the seeds were the original of the carat, the measure of weight for precious jewels and metals. Carob is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
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carob

carob

Use pliers to open seed pods to remove hard stone-like seeds, then grind up the pods into powder and mix in drinks as chocolate substitute, or simply chew the pods raw and spit out the seeds. Makes a great survival food. Tastes similar to chocolate, but with less fat and caffeine. Has mild binding properties so you don't go to the bathroom too much.

Carob

 

(Ceratonia siliqua), also St. John’s-bread or algarroba, a tree of the family Caesalpiniaceae. The carob reaches a height of 10 m and has a broad crown. The evergreen leaves are compact and pinnate, and the tiny flowers are gathered in racemes. The calyx is plain and deciduous; there is no corolla. The carob is cultivated in the Mediterranean region, and in some places it grows wild. In the USSR it is occasionally grown in the moist subtropics of Georgia and Azerbaijan. Carob pods, brown in color and indehiscent, are about 10–25 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, and 0.5–1 cm thick. In addition to seeds, they contain a sweet, juicy pulp with a sugar content of approximately 50 percent. The fruits are cultivated for use as food (candy or a coffee substitute) and as forage for cattle. The juice can be squeezed from the pods and used as a sweet syrup or as a raw material in the production of alcohol. The hard, flat, brown seeds served in ancient times as a measure of weight.

carob

an evergreen leguminous Mediterranean tree, Ceratonia siliqua, with compound leaves and edible pods
References in periodicals archive ?
SHEETS of metal to deter rats from chomping through carob tree branches and using hormones to keep killer moths from laying their eggs on vines are just two of the ingenious methods employed by the Agrolife project which aim to discourage farmers from using pesticides and poisons on their crops.
The group is focusing their experiments on the traditional vineyards in the area of Kapilio and the carob trees in Anogyra village, both in the Limassol district.
The problem already looming large on the horizon is how we will survive without mqiqa in another month when my carob ripens and loses the special heavenly, slightly astringent flavor of its unripeness.
For seventy years I had survived ignorant of the fact that carob is actually edible before it is fully ripe and its fleshy seedpods are totally dry.
The main ones are carob, stone pine, trees for eucalyptus oil production, fodder trees for sheep and cattle, pistachio, pecan and macadamia nut trees, olives and mulberries,' says Barrie Oldfield, who was President of Men of the Trees WA from 1987 to 2004, and has been awarded an Order of Australia medal for his long-term commitment to tree conservation.
5): Carob (18-20 tons/acre): Carobs were first planted in Southern California between 1870 and 1880.
Carobs are believed to be the natural habitat of a beetle unique to Cyprus and considered critically endangered.