carotid body


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Related to carotid body: aortic body, carotid body tumor

carotid body

[kə′räd·əd ‚bäd·ē]
(anatomy)
Either of two chemoreceptors sensitive to changes in blood chemistry which lie near the bifurcations of the carotid arteries. Also known as glomus caroticum.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this sense, adult stem cells from the carotid body taken from the neural crest (CBSCs) are capable of experiencing endothelial differentiation, as well as their already described role in neurogenesis.
In the population with surgically removed carotid body in order to treat pulmonary diseases, which is characterized by chronic absence of peripheral chemoreceptors, hypoxic ventilatory response maintenance is upregulated by non carotid body chemoreceptors.
Impact of preoperative embolization on outcomes of carotid body tumor resections.
Iturriaga, "Contribution of inflammation on carotid body chemosensory potentiation induced by intermittent hypoxia," Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol.
Normally, the carotid body acts to regulate the amount of oxygen and carbon-dioxide in the blood.
KEY WORDS: Carotid Body Tumor; Carotid Arteries; Cranial Nerve Diseases.
A 47 years old woman was found to have a carotid body tumor in an angiographic study (Figure 2a).
Alternatively, carotid body tumors arise medially at the bifurcations of the common carotid artery; these tumors are intimately attached to the origins of the occipital and ascending pharyngeal arteries (HUBBEN et al.
Carotid body tumors are composed by two cells types: the type I cells are the chief or paraganglionic cells; the type II cells are the sustentacular cells.
AN has also been implicated in autonomic functions such as respiratory processing mediated by carotid body receptor (Banks and Harris 1988), suggesting that apart from the PVN, the AN also may be involved in stress-induced autonomic alterations.
The appearance was consistent with a glomus jugulare tumor with the differential diagnosis including other paragangliomas such as carotid body or intravagal tumor, schwannoma, meningioma, metastasis, and much less likely entities such as parotid tumor or epidermoid cyst.
More carotid body cells survived in the recent experiment on monkeys, Lopez-Barneo says.