Cartularies

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Cartularies

 

collections of copies of the documents legally registering gifts, primarily of land, for the use of the church in medieval Western Europe. Copies of royal grants and sometimes copies of agreements between secular persons were also included in the cartularies. The copies did not always agree with the originals. The earliest examples of cartularies date to the late seventh and the eighth centuries; they ceased to be compiled in the late 13th and the 14th centuries. The cartularies of the large monasteries often contain thousands of documents. Cartularies are one of the most important sources for the investigation of the social and economic processes of the feudal countryside. Such data as the size and structure of the landholdings of the various social strata, the duties of the peasants, and the means by which the feudal dependence of the peasants was formed can be determined from the cartularies.

In the broadest sense, cartularies were understood in the Middle Ages to be collections of any sort of documents.

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References in periodicals archive ?
These comprised of copies of original documents, and were organised by geographical area, or pagus; the individual collections concerning the pagi of the middle Rhine valley survive in the original, and we possess an early modern transcript covering the region further east along the rivers Fulda, Werra and Saale; both can be checked against a heavily abridged twelfth century register of the Fulda cartulary series as a whole (13).
The cartulary, which dates from the 15th century, was last heard of in 1735, two hundred years after the dissolution of the monastery, and had missed being catalogued by the Historical Manuscripts Commission in the 19th century.
Hassall, "Plays at Clerkenwell," Modern La nguage Review 33 (1938): 564-67, prints the documents; the king's writ is also in The Cartulary of St.
2 Michael Hicks, 'The Cartulary of Richard III as Duke of Gloucester in British Library Manuscript Cotton Julius B XII', ch.
The case for assigning the remaining annals to Abingdon is more straightforward: from 1043 to 1048 annals seem to have been added to MS C contemporaneously; those for 1049 to 1056 constitute, according to Conner's analysis of scribal rotas, an organized and authoritative Abingdon update; there is an analogue to the penultimate annal, for 1065, in an Abingdon cartulary, and the final entry, for 1066, is in the same hand.
Pryor, Business contracts of medieval Provence: selected notulae from the Cartulary of Giraud Amalric of Marseilles, 1248 (Toronto, 1981), p.
Selecting 230 documents from the Hospitaller cartulary of 1442, Gervers presents an exceptional collection of source-material which covers the twelfth to the fourteenth centuries and illumines the connections between the English countryside and the religious order of St.
58) By the thirteenth century, Roman lawcourts in Marseille (and elsewhere) had come to recognize these drafts as legally binding in most circumstances: see the discussion in Business Contracts of Medieval Provence: Selected "Notulae" from the Cartulary of Giraud Amalric of Marseilles, 1248, ed.
5) The accounts of the cotidiane are discussed below; see also the cartulary B-Bar KB 21457, for example.
Documents such as charters or manumissions would be inserted in this way both for the sake of preservation and for that of sanctification through contact with the sacred books, a widespread feature of late Anglo-Saxon culture, of which the addition of the Worcester cartulary to the great Bible under Wulfstan II is the most obvious example.
For the first time he dated a business contract by adding the hour of the day, in this cas"after vespers:' to the conventional-and up to that moment sufficiently precise-day, month, and year Other notaries working in 1201 also supplied the hour of the day, but for no other notary does the exact page of the notarial cartulary that marks the day of this change still exist.