cassava

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Related to casava: cassava starch, Cassava root

cassava

(kəsä`və) or

manioc

(măn`ēŏk), name for many species of the genus Manihot of the family Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
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 family). The roots, which resemble sweet potatoes and are eaten in much the same way, yield cassava starch, a staple food in the tropics. The cassava is native to Amazonia and has long been cultivated there by the indigenous population. It is now a major food source in many parts of the moist lowland tropics, particularly in Africa. Most cassava flour is made from M. esculenta, sometimes called bitter cassava because of the presence in the raw roots of prussic acid in sufficient quantities to be deadly. This poison is dispelled by long cooking or (for flour) pressing. Some cultivated varieties with a lesser acid content, called sweet cassava, are edible raw as well as boiled and can be used for fodder. It is important to process cassava as quickly as possible after harvesting; enzymes in the root will cause deterioration of the final product if processing is not completed within 48 hours. Cassava roots are also fermented to make an alcoholic beverage, are the source of tapiocatapioca
, widely used starchy food, obtained from the fleshy root of the bitter cassava. Tapioca is sold in flake or flour form and as the pellet pearl tapioca. Tapioca flour is widely used in place of wheat flour in regions where it is grown, e.g.
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, or Brazilian arrowroot, and are utilized in other ways, e.g., for cotton sizing and laundry starch. Cassava is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Euphorbiales, family Euphorbiaceae.

cassava

[kə′sav·ə]
(botany)
Manihot esculenta. A shrubby perennial plant grown for its starchy, edible tuberous roots. Also known as manihot; manioc.

cassava

any tropical euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, esp the widely cultivated American species M. esculenta (or utilissima) (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet cassava)
References in periodicals archive ?
He does have a tip for the future, however, forecasting that the West African potato, the casava, may prove to be the kiwifruit of the new century.
At these bacchanals they would drink prodigious quantities of their casava beer and dance on wooden boards over a pit that sounded like a giant drum.
The pre-configured GenoLogics LIMS automatically creates sample sheets to support CASAVA 1.
Preprocessing of the raw paired-end data from multiplexed sequencing was done using Illumina's CASAVA software (version 1.
1 Distribution of Main Casava Growing Areas in China 26
4 Forecast of Casava Production in China (2008-2012) 28
A new processing module known as CASAVA (Consensus Assessment of Sequence and Variation) allows users to detect sequence variants from one or more Genome Analyzer sequencing runs.
After demultiplexing with Illumina CASAVA software the reads belonging to the same index were filtered to remove any reads with median quality score below 25 by NextGENe software (SoftGenetics).
DELIMIT OVICIDE MICELLA SLEDDER (4410) CASAVAS AMIDINE MIDDLED ECHELLE LEERIER (4409) CHIMLA LOCOED ALIDAD SLEEVE HARMED (4407) CHIASM HANDLE ALUMIN LORICA LEERED ADDERS (4403) STAMMELS CONOIDAL ALGICIDE DEALATED (4403)