cashew


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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
Capacity of each factory will be of processing nearly 10,000 tonnes of cashew nuts per annum and assure farmers with high returns when their produces are processed locally before exporting.
Transfer cashew nuts to the small jar of a mixer grinder and grind until smooth powder.
If we can process the cashew into ready-to-consume products in East Flores, the farmers can gain more profits.
With the cashew nut being the most-consumed nut in the world and global prices expected to soar to an all-time high in 2014 (raw cashew nut prices are expected to be 15-20% higher than in 2013) it ought to be a joyous moment for Tanzanian farmers, for whom the cash crop is the third-highest earner of foreign exchange after coffee and cotton.
A highly nutritious nut, cashew is used in almost every dietary group, including ice cream, chocolate, sweets and biscuits, besides the direct consumption of the kernel.
Cashew tree products have long been alleged to be effective anti-inflammatory agents, counter high blood sugar and prevent insulin resistance among diabetics.
Cashew, once referred to by Vestey as a millionaire mare - "the ones we sold made half a million and the ones we kept earned half a million" - is not the only family member to provide the former Cheltenham chairman with moments of joy on the racecourse.
Anacardic acid content is high in raw cashew nut shell which undergoes decarboxylation to cardanol during the extraction of the shells at high temperature.
Add the garlic and most of the cashews, reserving some nuts to garnish the soup.