cashew


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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
Data from the Agriculture Ministry shows that cashew yields generally equal 1 tonne of raw cashews per hectare of cultivated land.
Aisha Abubakar, also revealed that cashew farmers in the country earned N123 billion ($402 million) from the export of cashew last year.
Try them chopped in a stir-fry or curry, as well as a topping on salads and vegetable or whole grain side-dishes, and even blended into cashew butter or "cheese" for a decadent, yet healthy spread.
He became angry and tried to fight to reclaim his cashew nuts but he did not manage,' said Kazungu.
Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the use of textured soybean protein in association with cashew fiber in the elaboration of vegetable burger in order to obtain higher protein content and acceptability.
The International Nut and Dried Fruit Council Foundation (INC) Kenya representative, Mbugua Nugi, said of the ban: "Its genesis and intention was and still remains to encourage more value addition through processing of raw cashew within Kenya's borders and support the economy by providing jobs and more foreign exchange earnings.
Although test results of our cashews were negative for Listeria, we are recalling this item out of an abundance of caution," it added.
For the cashew butter cream, place the soaked cashew nuts, coconut oil, agave nectar, lemon juice, vanilla pod seeds and salt in a food processor and blend until smooth for five minutes.
To make the cashew butter cream, in a food processor place the soaked cashew nuts, coconut oil, agave nectar, lemon juice, vanilla pod seeds and salt and blend until smooth for five to seven minutes.
Cashew fibers help cleanse and protect the intestinal walls, and calcium helps prevent osteoporosis.
Layer with tablespoon of custard and finish with a layer of coconut cream and a sprinkle of cashew nuts to decorate.
This cashew dip is gorgeously creamy and super healthy as well as being very easy to make.