cashew

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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
Then the income from 4750 cashew trees (with 5% mortality) @ Rs 20 per kg nuts is Rs.
Hence the income from 4,512 cashew trees from 10 to 30 years is estimated to be Rs 541,44,000 while the expenditure will be around Rs 1,50,000 per year and the expected net income for 20 years will be 511,44,000.
The National Center of Tropical Agribusiness Researches (Centro Nacional de Pesquisas da Agroindustria Tropical--Cnpat) of Embrapa Agroindustria Tropical (Tropical Agribusiness) has been increasing with the development of sustainable innovations for the sector; some of those are already partially diffused and deserve prominence as the clone of precocious dwarf cashew tree and the substitution of crowns.
The coming of the precocious dwarf cashew tree was the great step that happened from the point of view of innovative technology for the sector.
These changes are directly connected to the innovative coming of the precocious dwarf cashew tree clones.
The area is flat and completely surrounded by the cashew trees of the Plantation Corporation of Kerala.
The cashew trees are the only green things in the landscape.
Cashew trees are mostly grow through generative process with unknown characteristics of the original trees.
We are planning to plant one million cashew trees in order to build up the capacity of our cashew production,' he said.
Informed sources said cashew trees which were cultivated in 1994 are beginning to bear fruit.
Last year Mozambique embarked on spraying fungus-infected cashew trees and training farmers in better husbandry techniques, in order to expand production from 40,000-60,000t in 2002 to l00,000t by 2003/04.