cassia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to cassia: Cassia fistula, cassia cinnamon

cassia

(kăsh`ə): see cinnamoncinnamon,
name for trees and shrubs of the genus Cinnamomum of the family Lauraceae (laurel family). True cinnamon spice comes from the Ceylon or Sri Lanka cinnamon (C. verum or C. zeylanicum), now cultivated in several tropical regions.
..... Click the link for more information.
; sennasenna,
any plant of the genus Sennia (formerly placed in Cassia), leguminous herbs, shrubs, and trees of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), most common in warm regions. Some species are cultivated for ornament, but sennas are best known as medicinal plants.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Cassia

 

(also known as senna), a genus of perennial herbs, shrubs, or small trees of the family Leguminosae. The leaves are compound, even-pinnate, with five to ten pairs of narrow leaflets. The flowers are yellow (more rarely, white or reddish) and are gathered into racemes. Although they are irregular, their petals are almost identical in size. There are ten stamens—three are often reduced. There are approximately 500–600 species, distributed primarily in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres (particularly in America).

Several species are used in medicine, including Cassia angus-tifolia (native to western Arabia), C. acutifolia (native to mountainous regions of the Sudan, cultivated in the USSR in Middle Asia and Kazakhstan), and C. obovata (native to Sudan; cultivated in Transcaucasia, Krasnodar Krai, and the southern Ukraine). They are the source of Alexandrian leaf. Senna leaves, the leaves of C. acutifolia, contain anthraglycosides, which act as a cathartic when taken internally. They are used in the form of an infusion, as a cathartic tea (black draft). Senna leaves are a component of the complex powder of licorice root. In the USSR, C. angustifolia and C. acutifolia are cultivated as annuals on irrigated lands in southern Kazakhstan and Middle Asia.

In order to develop normally, cassia needs a sunny exposureand warmth. It grows best in loose nonsaline, loamy soils withdeep ground water. Cassia should be planted in soil from whichpasture crops have been harvested. Before planting, immediatefall plowing is done, with preliminary irrigation. During plow-ing, manure (20–30 tons per hectare) or compost with super-phosphate (3 centners/ha) is applied. Early in spring the field isharrowed, and the soil is leveled. The field is sown (8 kg/ha); thewidth between the rows of seeds is 60–70 cm. During the periodof growth and development (the phase of blooming and branch-ing), the plants are fed ammonium sulfate and superphosphateand irrigated five or six times. When a yellowish tint appears onthe lower leaves, harvesting is begun. The second, or principal, gathering of leaves occurs after 20–25 days. The leaves are driedin shade or sun. The yield of air-dried leaves and fruits is 8–10centners/ha.

cassia

1. any plant of the mainly tropical leguminous genus Cassia, esp C. fistula, whose pods yield cassia pulp, a mild laxative
2. a lauraceous tree, Cinnamomum cassia, of tropical Asia
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the team at Cassia believes that identifying and partnering with strong and talented management teams who share the same values, vision and strategy is the core component of value creation.
Cassia Phuket boasts original features and facilities such as free wi-fi, two pools, a private area at Bang Tao Beach, spa, mini convenience mart, home delivery service and touch-screen concierge.
Mozart's G major Quartet is another example of original thinking, whose moods were teased out by the Cassias from the first movement's tinkering with harmony, through the minuet's distortion of triple time to the counterpoint-busting finale.
1) Root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum L and/or Rheum officinale Baillon and/or their hybrids, leaves or fruits of Cassia senna L.
The new brand takes its name, philosophy and design from the Cassia Fistula tree, which is "bold, vibrant and striking", according to the company.
2% ABV; distilled from juniper berries, coriander seeds, angelica root, angelica seeds, cassia bark, caraway seeds, nutmeg, rosemary and sage.
As the games begin, Vesuvius erupts and Milo and Atticus use their physical prowess to escape with terrified Cassia in tow.
Unfortunately, Corvus has his eye on Cassia and demands her hand in marriage in return for Pompeii's rejuvenation under Emperor Titus.
Wealthy merchant's daughter Cassia (Emily Browning) is watching with a fluttering heart having seen the caring side of Milo's character en route to Italy.
But while Kiefer Sutherland has some fun as a lusty Roman general and senator who sets his sights on Cassia, the real highlight is when the volcano starts erupting and romance has to take a backseat to molten lava and ash clouds.
Except Milo, who must rescue Cassia, get revenge on Corvus and avoid being turned into ash with everyone else.
He is brought to the port city of Pompeii, falls impossibly in love with Cassia (Emily Browning), daughter of the local ruler Severus (Jared Harris).