catalog


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catalog,

descriptive list, on cards or in a book, of the contents of a library. Assurbanipal's library at Nineveh was cataloged on shelves of slate. The first known subject catalog was compiled by Callimachus at the Alexandrian Library in the 3d cent. B.C. The library at Pergamum also had a catalog. Early in the 9th cent. A.D. the catalogs of the libraries of the monastery at Reichenau and of the abbey at Saint-Riquier, N France, included summaries of the works cataloged. In 1472 the monastic library at Clairvaux was recataloged and one of the earliest union catalogs was made—of the contents of 160 Franciscan monastery libraries in England. In 1475 the Vatican librarian, Platina, cataloged that library's 2,527 volumes. About 1660 Clement, librarian of the Bibliothèque du Roi under Louis XIV, compiled a subject catalog and inventory of manuscripts. The printing of the British Museum catalog was begun by PanizziPanizzi, Sir Anthony
, 1797–1879, British librarian, b. Italy. A political exile, Panizzi settled in England in 1823 and was naturalized in 1832. He was associated with the British Museum library as assistant librarian (1831–37), keeper of printed books
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 as keeper (1837–56) of printed books. Charles A. CutterCutter, Charles Ammi,
1837–1903, American librarian, b. Boston. Cutter cataloged the library of the Harvard Divinity School and in 1860 was appointed as the assistant to the librarian of Harvard.
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 devised the modern dictionary catalog (with author, title, and subject arranged in one alphabet) for the Boston Athenæum library. Melvil DeweyDewey, Melvil,
1851–1931, American library pioneer, originator of the Dewey decimal system, b. Adams Center, N.Y., grad. Amherst (B.A., 1874; M.A., 1877). A man of originality and of enormous energy, Dewey played an important role in the early days of library organization
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 devised his decimal system in the 1870s; the system was widely applied in smaller libraries and many large ones. In 1901 the Library of Congress began the practice of printing its catalog entries on cards 3 by 5 in. (7.6 by 12.7 cm) and distributing them to other libraries for a small fee. The National Union Catalogue, begun in 1952 by the Library of Congress, collated the card catalog entries of the larger American libraries and printed the results in book form. The advent of the computer has dramatically expanded the ability of libraries to provide extensive bibliographic services. By consulting an electronic catalog, such as the WorldCat of OCLC (Online Computer Library Center), a person can access more than 2 billion catalog records from more than 5,800 content providers around the world.

Bibliography

See M. Gorman and P. Winkler, ed., Anglo American Cataloguing Rules (1988); S. L. Hopkinson, Descriptive Cataloging of Library Materials (1977).

catalog

[′kad·əl‚äg]
(computer science)
All the indexes to data sets or files in a system.
The index to all other indexes; the master index.
To add an entry to an index or to build an entire new index.
A list of items in a data storage device, usually arranged so that a particular kind of information can be located easily.

catalogue

(US), catalog
1. a book, usually illustrated, containing details of items for sale, esp as used by mail-order companies
2. US and Canadian a publication issued by a university, college, etc., listing courses offered, regulations, services, etc.

catalog

A directory of disk files or files used in an application. Also any map, list or directory of storage space used by the computer.
References in periodicals archive ?
We love the look, the feel, maybe even the heft of a new catalog in the mail.
These are the largest of the "union" catalogs, but they really represent multipurpose national or international resources rather than the union catalog of a specific organized community of libraries (though with appropriate search restrictions they can fill that function).
ActivePoint, the technology leader in contextual search and smart online catalogs, is based in New York, NY with development facilities in Netanya, Israel.
This little catalog is packed with hand-painted reproductions of all the famous paintings you've seen in museums.
Analysts say American catalog sales fill a sizable gap between the high-priced goods, especially clothing, sold in local department stores and the junky hodgepodge of merchandise offered in most Japanese catalogs.
This important resource is a useful tool for entrepreneurs searching for catalogs to pick up their product, vendors looking to expand their customer base in the catalog industry, market researchers, small businesses investigating new supply vendors, along with the library patron who is exploring the available catalogs in their areas of interest.
The recommended basic records to be done by national cataloging agencies remain nonetheless very full records because most of the supplied attributes and relationships are deemed essential to meeting the objectives of the catalog.
This store and its catalog are crazy about the city of New York, often focusing on landmarks from yellow taxi cabs to the Statue of Liberty for gift items.
The solution supports delivery of e-catalogs, web-content, CD-ROM, as well as printed promotions ranging from flyers to brochures and catalogs.
As you go through the catalogs, keep a clear list of what you are ordering.
In the flyer announcing the Cataloging Forum of October 17, 1994, Susan Morris, then senior cataloger in the Social Sciences Cataloging Division, stated: "Quality in cataloging is measured by the degree to which a library's catalog fosters access to materials which benefit the user," while Lee Avdoyan, Near East and Armenian Specialist in the African and Middle Eastern Division, defined quality cataloging as "the consistent creation of a comprehensive bibliographic record, aimed at the highest level of researcher, yet retrievable by all users both now and (with minimal adaptation if necessary) in the future" (Library of Congress Cataloging Forum, 1995, p.
Paper From Sustainably Harvested Sources To Be Used in All Catalogs

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