catalog


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catalog,

descriptive list, on cards or in a book, of the contents of a library. Assurbanipal's library at Nineveh was cataloged on shelves of slate. The first known subject catalog was compiled by Callimachus at the Alexandrian Library in the 3d cent. B.C. The library at Pergamum also had a catalog. Early in the 9th cent. A.D. the catalogs of the libraries of the monastery at Reichenau and of the abbey at Saint-Riquier, N France, included summaries of the works cataloged. In 1472 the monastic library at Clairvaux was recataloged and one of the earliest union catalogs was made—of the contents of 160 Franciscan monastery libraries in England. In 1475 the Vatican librarian, Platina, cataloged that library's 2,527 volumes. About 1660 Clement, librarian of the Bibliothèque du Roi under Louis XIV, compiled a subject catalog and inventory of manuscripts. The printing of the British Museum catalog was begun by PanizziPanizzi, Sir Anthony
, 1797–1879, British librarian, b. Italy. A political exile, Panizzi settled in England in 1823 and was naturalized in 1832. He was associated with the British Museum library as assistant librarian (1831–37), keeper of printed books
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 as keeper (1837–56) of printed books. Charles A. CutterCutter, Charles Ammi,
1837–1903, American librarian, b. Boston. Cutter cataloged the library of the Harvard Divinity School and in 1860 was appointed as the assistant to the librarian of Harvard.
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 devised the modern dictionary catalog (with author, title, and subject arranged in one alphabet) for the Boston Athenæum library. Melvil DeweyDewey, Melvil,
1851–1931, American library pioneer, originator of the Dewey decimal system, b. Adams Center, N.Y., grad. Amherst (B.A., 1874; M.A., 1877). A man of originality and of enormous energy, Dewey played an important role in the early days of library organization
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 devised his decimal system in the 1870s; the system was widely applied in smaller libraries and many large ones. In 1901 the Library of Congress began the practice of printing its catalog entries on cards 3 by 5 in. (7.6 by 12.7 cm) and distributing them to other libraries for a small fee. The National Union Catalogue, begun in 1952 by the Library of Congress, collated the card catalog entries of the larger American libraries and printed the results in book form. The advent of the computer has dramatically expanded the ability of libraries to provide extensive bibliographic services. By consulting an electronic catalog, such as the WorldCat of OCLC (Online Computer Library Center), a person can access more than 2 billion catalog records from more than 5,800 content providers around the world.

Bibliography

See M. Gorman and P. Winkler, ed., Anglo American Cataloguing Rules (1988); S. L. Hopkinson, Descriptive Cataloging of Library Materials (1977).

catalog

[′kad·əl‚äg]
(computer science)
All the indexes to data sets or files in a system.
The index to all other indexes; the master index.
To add an entry to an index or to build an entire new index.
A list of items in a data storage device, usually arranged so that a particular kind of information can be located easily.

catalogue

(US), catalog
1. a book, usually illustrated, containing details of items for sale, esp as used by mail-order companies
2. US and Canadian a publication issued by a university, college, etc., listing courses offered, regulations, services, etc.

catalog

A directory of disk files or files used in an application. Also any map, list or directory of storage space used by the computer.
References in periodicals archive ?
This important resource is a useful tool for entrepreneurs searching for catalogs to pick up their product, vendors looking to expand their customer base in the catalog industry, market researchers, small businesses investigating new supply vendors, along with the library patron who is exploring the available catalogs in their areas of interest.
The recommended basic records to be done by national cataloging agencies remain nonetheless very full records because most of the supplied attributes and relationships are deemed essential to meeting the objectives of the catalog.
This store and its catalog are crazy about the city of New York, often focusing on landmarks from yellow taxi cabs to the Statue of Liberty for gift items.
The solution supports delivery of e-catalogs, web-content, CD-ROM, as well as printed promotions ranging from flyers to brochures and catalogs.
Begin your search for seeds with one of the big encyclopedic catalogs from Burpee, Stokes, Park or Thompson & Morgan.
Cutter's Rules for a Dictionary Catalog, published in their definitive edition in 1904, cited the purpose of a catalog as an instrument to enable a user of the catalog to find a book of which the author, title, or subject is known; to show what the library holds; and to assist in the choice of a book (Cutter, 1904, p.
Mutual of Omaha's initial Service Catalog spans a broad range of computer, voice communication, and security-related IT services - the next phase will expand the catalog to include additional facilities and other workplace services.
This catalog reflects the growing value of ASMC and our expanding relationships with our members and vendor associates," said Langdon.
Redcats USA, a multi-channel leader in men's and women's apparel and lifestyles home shopping, has nine well-known brands in its portfolio: Chadwick's, Lerner Catalog/metrostyle(TM), Lane Bryant Catalog, Jessica London, Roaman's, La Redoute USA, KingSize, BrylaneHome and BrylaneHome Kitchen.
Very few in the catalog industry are ahead of the curve.
That office is responsible for linking its national catalog system with those of other governments.
The most dangerous piece of mail a novice gardener can receive is a seed catalog.

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