animal husbandry

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animal husbandry,

aspect of agricultureagriculture,
science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. The primary aim of agriculture is to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse.
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 concerned with the care and breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
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 of domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, hogs, and horses. Domestication of wild animal species was a crucial achievement in the prehistoric transition of human civilization from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. The first domesticated livestock animal may have been the sheep, which was tamed around 9000 B.C. in N Iraq. By about 7000 B.C. (and perhaps much earlier) the pig was domesticated in Anatolia; around 6500 B.C. domestic goats were kept in Mesopotamia; by 5900 B.C. (and perhaps 3,000 years earlier) there were domesticated cattle in Chad, while independently about 5500 B.C. there were domesticated cattle in SW Iran; and around 3500 B.C. the horse was domesticated on the Eurasian steppes. Nothing is known of the early development of husbandry; selective breeding for the improvement of livestock was already practiced in Roman times. Continuing systematic development and improvement of domestic livestock breeds, established in England following 1760 by Robert Bakewell and others, has been paralleled by advances in animal nutritionnutrition,
study of the materials that nourish an organism and of the manner in which the separate components are used for maintenance, repair, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is achieved in various ways by different forms of life.
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 and veterinary medicineveterinary medicine,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals. An early interest in animal diseases is found in ancient Greek writings on medicine. Veterinary medicine began to achieve the stature of a science with the organization of the first school in the field in
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.

animal husbandry

[′an·ə·məl ′həz·bən·drē]
(agriculture)
A branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding and feeding of domestic animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the history of cattle breeding in Estonia has been examined by researchers (e.
Location: Central Cattle Breeding Farm Alamadhi Chennai Tn
As cattle breeding requires large amount of investment, and has a rather long earning cycle, many farmers reduced their cattle amount due to worries on potential risks, thus, end-year stock of cattle is declining.
Replying a question of MPA Rehan Zafar, the Minister said that Livestock department is maintaining Red Sindhi Cattle Breeding Farm at Tando Muhammad Khan and Livestock Experiment Station Nabisar Road in District Mirpurkhas.
He also demanded import of more than 1 million livestock in order to alleviate the meat supply and also demanded easy loans for cattle breeding and farming.
However, although the earlier sense of crisis in the Scottish industry is no longer apparent, insiders say they remain deeply worried by the downtrend in beef cattle breeding and finishing stock numbers.
Cattle breeding company Genus reported a 36 per cent fall in annual pre-tax profits to pounds 3.
The experiment was conducted by the Cattle Breeding Development Institute in Osumi, Kagoshima Prefecture, and was commissioned by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries to explore the possibilities of breeding cloned cattle.
Address : Director Incharge Central Cattle Breeding Farm Alamadhi Chennai Tamil Nadu
The project supports exchange of technologies in agriculture and cattle breeding.
DNA technology has revolutionised the cattle breeding industry and a DNA sample, usually a small section of animal hair or a swab test, produces an accurate method of identifying the best animals available to go forward for widespread use.
HYDERABAD, July 16, 2009 (Balochistan Times) -- Sindh Minister for Livestock, Mir Abid Hussain Jatoi paid surprise visit to Red Sindhi Cattle Breeding Farm, Tando Muhammad Khan late Wednesday evening and expressed his dissatisfaction regarding its management.