caudate nucleus


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Related to caudate nucleus: lentiform nucleus, putamen, internal capsule

caudate nucleus

[′kȯ‚dāt ′nü·klē·əs]
(anatomy)
An elongated arched gray mass which projects into and forms part of the lateral wall of the lateral ventricle.
References in periodicals archive ?
the left and right caudate nucleus (CN) and left and right putamen), using anatomically defined masks (see Methods section for details).
The researchers now intend to test whether changes in the caudate nucleus and other parts of the reward circuitry can be reversed with weight loss.
Neural degeneration has been described in the caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, olfactory bulb, substantia nigra, and the hypothalamus of experimental animals and humans, intoxicated with manganese [8, 11, 12, 22, 46].
Frozen brain samples from nine subjects (age 30 [+ or -] 5 yr, non-alcoholics, non-diabetics, not on any medication) with no visible signs of brain damage, from four anatomical areas: frontal cortex (superior frontal gyrus) (FC), cerebellum (CB), caudate nucleus (head) (CD) and substantial nigra (linear darkstrip above crus cerebri, both sides at the level of superior colliculus) (SN) were collected for biochemical study.
The same disposition could be seen in the case of the anterior white commissure, the striatum, the internal capsule and the tail of the caudate nucleus (Fig.
Decreased binding for opiate receptors (44) and the benzodiazepine site on GABAA receptors (51) have also been documented in the striatum and medial prefrontal cortex and caudate nucleus, respectively.
Although correlations have been described between cerebral atrophy, especially of the caudate nucleus, and cognitive function, such associations have not been demonstrated between white matter changes and CNS function [13].
In an animal experiment, Wistar rats were treated with a Boswellia extract 14 days after inoculation of C6 tumor cells into their right caudate nucleus.
When the children reached adolescence, the scientists examined the size of a particular part of their brain, the caudate nucleus, which is linked to higher intelligence levels.
5) In a series of research studies conducted on OCD patients, a four-step attention strategy successfully redirected pathological OCD circuitry, as revealed by marked changes in the metabolic consumption of associated brain regions including the orbital frontal cortex, caudate nucleus and anterior cingulated gyrus.
Computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain demonstrated a right caudate nucleus lacunar infarct.
The research breaks new ground by showing the connection between charity and the brain centers known as the caudate nucleus and nucleus accumbens, two evolutionarily ancient parts of the brain that date back at least to the earliest mammals.