caudillo


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caudillo

(kôdēl`yō Span. kouthē`yō), [Span.,= military strongman], type of South American political leader that arose with the 19th-century wars of independence. The first caudillos were often generals who, leading private armies, used their military might to achieve power in the newly independent states. Many were large landowners (hacendados) who sought to advance their private interests. They had in common military skill and a personal magnetism capable of commanding the allegiance of the masses. Caudillos were not associated with particular ideologies or political philosophies. Although they often began their career by opposing the oligarchy, they almost invariably became oligarchs and rarely upset the existing social order. In power, their authority was largely unchecked. Caudillos, or caudilhos in Portuguese-speaking Brazil, left their mark on the histories of all South American nations. Well-known caudillos were Juan Manuel de RosasRosas, Juan Manuel de
, 1793–1877, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires prov. (1829–32, 1835–52). As a boy he served under Jacques de Liniers against the British invaders of the Rio de la Plata (1806–7).
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 and Juan Facundo QuirogaQuiroga, Juan Facundo
, 1790–1835, Argentine caudillo. One of the most brutal of the early gaucho chieftains, he was called el tigre de los llanos (the tiger of the plains).
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 in Argentina, Gabriel García MorenoGarcía Moreno, Gabriel
, 1821–75, president of Ecuador (1861–65, 1869–75), b. Guayaquil. A conservative with deep religious convictions, he gradually came to believe that Ecuadorans could only be united as a nation through their common Roman Catholic
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 in Ecuador, Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana and Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 in Mexico, and Rafael Leonidas Trujillo MolinaTrujillo Molina, Rafael Leonidas
, 1891–1961, president of the Dominican Republic (1930–38, 1942–52). Trained by U.S. marines during U.S. occupation of the country, he was army chief in the presidency of Horacio Vásquez, whom he ousted in 1930.
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 in the Dominican Republic. In Spain, General Francisco FrancoFranco, Francisco
, 1892–1975, Spanish general and caudillo [leader]. He became a general at the age of 32 after commanding the Spanish Foreign Legion in Morocco.
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 gave himself the title of el Caudillo, using the term literally without its disparaging connotations.

Caudillo

 

(1) The official title of Generalissimo F. Franco, the former head of state of Spain. The caudillo is invested with virtually unlimited powers of supreme governmental, political, and military leadership (“the caudillo is responsible before god and history”).

(2) In several Latin American countries, the caudillo is thehead of state, ruling as a personal dictator.

References in periodicals archive ?
Analizar los remedios vegetales populares mas conocidos en Guadiana del Caudillo (Badajoz, Espana) y compararlos con los de otras poblaciones como la extremena, la espanola y las Medicinas Tradicionales china, india y norteafricana, asi como con el sistema Fitoterapeutico oficial a traves de la Comision E y la ESCOP.
Given that he is analyzing one of the most important nineteenth-century "caudillos", the reader might have welcomed an explicit invitation to rethink our view of caudillo politics in nineteenth-century Latin America.
The son of former President Violeta de Chamorro (1990-1997) and founder of La Prensa Pedro Joaquin Chamorro Cardenal was thought to be concerned about the taint of Arnoldismo, now that the caudillo is in prison, but Chamorro was not.
Caudillo told police that after the accident, he panicked, loaded Seitz's body into the pickup, drove half a mile to an adjacent vineyard owned by V.
El libro esta dividido en dos partes: la primera, titulada "Los caudillos y la gestion del gobierno", y la segunda "Los caudillos y la ciudadania'.
But during the long decades that followed that meeting, years that saw Castro transformed from the hemisphere's great emancipator into one of its last old-style caudillos and tyrants, and Vargas Llosa from a literary wunderkind and left-wing firebrand into the eminence grise of Latin American neoliberalism, a good many memorable examples of the Latin American dictator novel were published to considerable acclaim.
The first two works, La sombra del caudillo (1929) by Martin Luis Guzman (1887-1976) (1) and Acomodaticio : Novela de un politico de convicciones (1943) by Gregorio Lopez y Fuentes (1897-1966), (2) treat the presidential succession during the aftermath of the Revolution of 1910, when the militarists vied for rule.
Abubad, que quedo Caudillo por muerte de Abumen, desafia al Conde, ofreciendo entregarse el Ejercito del que quede vencido; vence el Conde, y Ceilan, nuevo Caudillo, falta a su palabra: aprieta a los Castellanos, intentando matar a Elvira si no desisten de su intento: sorprenden a Ceilan, libran a Elvira, suspendense las hostilidades, ganan a Sepulveda; y Fatima se vuelve Cristiana.
De ellos surge la imagen inicial del caudillo como portador de un proceso definido por tres elementos esenciales: la ruralizacion del poder, el uso de la violencia como modo de competencia politica, y el vacio institucional abierto con la caida del orden colonial y de los primeros experimentos politicos por reemplazar a este.
He is a caudillo, ruling despotically over a controlled population.
What comes as more of a surprise is the assertion recently by The Times' Madrid correspondent that `The disclosure will excite historians and biographers of Franco, most of whom believed that El Caudillo kept a scrupulous distance from the seamier side of Hitler's wartime enterprise'.
Desde esta explicacion, el revisionismo seria sobre todo un movimiento iniciado entre intelectuales de la derecha nacionalista y antiliberal que, influidos por Maurras, imaginaban en el pasado un proyecto de nacion autoctono y un orden social organico--encarnado en Juan Manuel de Rosas, caudillo bonaerense y la autoridad dominante del pais entre 1835 y 1852- que luego seria frustrado por el imperialismo y las elites liberales.