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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
But Fitzpatrick also argues that essential to the psychology of The Winter's Tale, even a key to Leontes's notoriously causeless jealousy, are unsound eating practices, so that in fact abnormal eating is what Leontes's proposition is occupied with.
It is also being heard that the police are trying to close nearby petrol pumps as well to create hurdles for causeless roaming motorists in the city.
Write, / This was his 'policy,'--turmoil and babble and causeless strife" (ll.
His cruelty, his attacks of causeless enmity towards those who were helpless and looked to him for comfort, his shrinking from those he ought to love, being used up in what he wrote.
Such causeless revenge they frequently exercise towards the English, naturally hating us with a perfect antipathy.
It also demonstrates that wealth is not causeless and that by removing the cause (i.
Certain sonnets 31 Thou blind man's mark, thou fool's self-chosen snare, Fond fancy's scum, and dregs of scattered thought, Band of all evils, cradle of causeless care, Thou web of will, whose end is never wrought; Desire, desire, I have too dearly bought, With price of mangled mind, thy worthless ware; Too long, too long, asleep thou hast me brought, Who should my mind to higher things prepare.
People with a hereditary predisposition, those who began to suddenly feel a causeless fatigue, rapid weight gain (or its deficit) and depression.
The will, then, this "in-itself-ness" of things, existing outside time, space and causality, blind and causeless, greedily, wildly, ruthlessly demanded life, demanded objectification.
Essentially sharing Sacks's distress, Buber asserted that "only an internal revolution can have the power to heal our people of their sickness of causeless hatred.