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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Sophie and her mother, Sophie Walker, are also shocked that Causer spun a web of lies while at the hospital with her injured friend.
20am Pollock had gone to his brother, Garfield's home, where he appeared "angry about something" and had tried to recruit him as reinforcements, said Mr Causer.
I'll never forgive what they did to my son Marie Causer, Michael's mum
When Judith was born in 1936, her father's Causer And Son Undertakers business was still operating from the premises next door to the Malt Shovel.
Miss Causer had left a South Shields nightclub around 2am last September and was on her way home.
He gave her a community order with 80 hours' unpaid work, adding, "No further chances," as Causer walked from the courtroom.
Michael's parents Mike and Marie Causer at Temple Court ahead of the vigil last night
It was thought to be a routine inquiry, and Causer first said he had been to the cinema for a showing of Romeo and Juliet.
Mr Tatchell joined Liverpool council leader Cllr Joe Anderson, deputy leader Cllr Paul Brant and Marie Causer, mother of murdered Liverpool teen Michael Causer, who was gay.
Steve Price (one Black Bear), Rachel trapp and natasha Richardson (true Careers); Hannah smith (Global Radio), lucy Cook (smart media); Pete Reece and paul Causer (Advek), elizabeth Burrows (Aston Villa), Graeme thurman (Advek); Katie mcphillimey, dave Hodgson (marketing Birmingham), Jo Brain (mal maison); Hannah montgomery (Golley slater), Gina Valenti (Golley slater), Kirsty lewis (Beacon Radio)
Tamsin Causer, 32, drowned after landing in the sea when she was knocked out in a mid-air collision with a friend over the Spanish resort of Empuriabrava on Friday.