caustic


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Related to caustic: caustic embrittlement

caustic,

any strongly corrosive chemical substance, especially one that attacks organic matter. A caustic alkali is a metal hydroxide, especially that of an alkali metal; caustic soda is sodium hydroxide, and caustic potash is potassium hydroxide. Silver nitrate is another caustic substance; it is sometimes called lunar caustic. Most inorganic acids, e.g., sulfuric acid, are caustic, especially when concentrated.

Caustic

 

a medicinal substance that exerts a local cauterizing effect when applied to the skin or a mucous membrane. Caustics are used for the destruction of certain skin neoplasms and for disinfection. They also perform antimicrobial activity by destroying the proteins of microorganisms. Caustics include such acids as fuming nitric acid and trichloracetic acid, such salts of heavy metals as silver nitrate and zinc sulfate, and alcohol solutions of iodine. Caustics are used in small concentrations as astringents.

caustic

[′kȯ·stik]
(chemistry)
Burning or corrosive.
A hydroxide of a light metal.
(optics)
A curve or surface which is tangent to the rays of an initially parallel beam after reflection or refraction in an optical system.
(physics)
A curve or surface which is tangent to adjacent orthogonals to waves that have been reflected or refracted from a curved surface.

caustic

1. capable of burning or corroding by chemical action
2. of, relating to, or denoting light that is reflected or refracted by a curved surface
3. a surface that envelopes the light rays reflected or refracted by a curved surface
4. a curve formed by the intersection of a caustic surface with a plane
5. Chem a caustic substance, esp an alkali
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that milkmen use detergents as emulsifier in synthetic milk and added that caustic soda is used for preserving milk for a long time.
Caustic soda is used in the production of alumina, pulp and paper, and rayon as well as various water-treatment processes.
The project has two key components, namely a 1,000 tonnes per day (tpd) capacity caustic lye plant, alongside a 1,231tpd ethylene dichloride facility.
Caustic soda is a feedstock used for the refining of bauxite to alumina.
ZANY: Andrew Wragg as Professor Rosa and Katy-Anne Bellis as Miss Daisy from the Caustic Widows Theatre Company
Petters and graduate student Amir Aazami extended the mathematics of relatively simple examples to include what Petters called "higher order caustics.
Caustic soda, also called sodium hydroxide or lye, is a highly corrosive substance used for making paper, pulp, textiles, soap and detergent.
The system also uses less than 10% as much caustic and chemicals as some competing systems.
The caustic soda was destined for ADM, a company which makes citric acid for soft drinks.
For more information on this new caustic additive, contact Dana Johnson at Birko, tel: 800-525-0476.
The man fell into a vat of caustic soda and was taken to hospital with extensive injuries,' he added.