caustic


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Related to caustic: caustic embrittlement

caustic,

any strongly corrosive chemical substance, especially one that attacks organic matter. A caustic alkali is a metal hydroxide, especially that of an alkali metal; caustic soda is sodium hydroxide, and caustic potash is potassium hydroxide. Silver nitrate is another caustic substance; it is sometimes called lunar caustic. Most inorganic acids, e.g., sulfuric acid, are caustic, especially when concentrated.

Caustic

 

a medicinal substance that exerts a local cauterizing effect when applied to the skin or a mucous membrane. Caustics are used for the destruction of certain skin neoplasms and for disinfection. They also perform antimicrobial activity by destroying the proteins of microorganisms. Caustics include such acids as fuming nitric acid and trichloracetic acid, such salts of heavy metals as silver nitrate and zinc sulfate, and alcohol solutions of iodine. Caustics are used in small concentrations as astringents.

caustic

[′kȯ·stik]
(chemistry)
Burning or corrosive.
A hydroxide of a light metal.
(optics)
A curve or surface which is tangent to the rays of an initially parallel beam after reflection or refraction in an optical system.
(physics)
A curve or surface which is tangent to adjacent orthogonals to waves that have been reflected or refracted from a curved surface.

caustic

1. capable of burning or corroding by chemical action
2. of, relating to, or denoting light that is reflected or refracted by a curved surface
3. a surface that envelopes the light rays reflected or refracted by a curved surface
4. a curve formed by the intersection of a caustic surface with a plane
5. Chem a caustic substance, esp an alkali
References in periodicals archive ?
The production capacity of the first phase of the plant is expected to be 130,000 tonnes per year of caustic soda and 160,000 tonnes per year of ethylene dichloride.
Kalban said: "The construction of a caustic soda plant next to our alumina refinery guarantees our supply of this vital raw material at competitive prices for years to come.
Shaheen said there will be a second phase of the project, which will double caustic soda production capacity and begin production of vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride.
Caustic cleaners cause burns to the skin as they contain high levels of sodium or potassium hydroxide that can taint the beer when the taps are not cleaned and sterilized after cleaning.
Nuberg, a leading global EPC & LSTK company for specialty chemicals has been chosen by Egyptian Petrochemicals Company (EPC) as a single-point solution company, from concept to commissioning, for caustic soda-chlorine plant in Alexandria, Egypt.
Detailed information of all active plants and planned Caustic Soda projects in China with capacity forecasts to 2019 and additional details such as process, technology, operator and equity
Caustic Soda industry supply scenario in Argentina from 2005 to 2019, comprising plant capacity growth and installed plant capacity by production process and technology
The contract between both parties is intended to offer a conscientious and reliable distribution network for liquid caustic soda.
The decision to invest in Caustic Recovery plant was not made overnight.
Material and Methods: Patients were selected from those who presented with caustic ingestion history in Medical OPD, ER and in medical wards.
He informed that milkmen use urea, caustic soda, oil and detergent for preparing synthetic milk and added that Urea and Caustic Soda were very dangerous for heart and kidneys.
feel 1 PAOLO NUTINI - Caustic Love 2 DAMON ALBARN - Everyday Robots 3 IMELDA MAY - Tribal 4 PALOMA FAITH - A Perfect Contradiction 5 EMBRACE - Embrace 6 PIXIES - Indie Cindy 7 JOHN LEGEND - Love In The Future 8 KAISER CHIEFS - Education Education Education & War 9 VAMPS - Meet The Vamps 10 ELBOW - The Take Off And Landing Of Everything feel 1 PAOLO NUTINI - Caustic Love 2 DAMON ALBARN - Everyday Robots 3 IMELDA MAY - Tribal 4 PALOMA FAITH - A Perfect Contradiction 5 EMBRACE - Embrace 6 PIXIES - Indie Cindy 7 JOHN LEGEND - Love In The Future 8 KAISER CHIEFS - Education Education Education & War 9 VAMPS - Meet The Vamps 10 ELBOW - The Take Off And Landing Of Everything