The basal sclerites of the wing are interpreted for the first time using SEM, the functional morphology of the larva, puparium and adult is discussed and notes are provided on the biology, development and cavernicolous
habits of the species.
Until 1997 only two species of cavernicolous
millipeds of the genus Pseudotremia were known from Indiana, Pseudotremia indianae Hoffman (1958) from the Blue River area and P.
Nemata: Chronogasteridae) from Movile Cave, with a review of cavernicolous
In north temperate regions, winter hibernation is a strategy used by cavernicolous
bats to survive when low ambient temperatures reduce food resources necessary to meet thermoregulatory demands.
form of the Poeciliid fish Poecilia sphenops from Tabasco, Mexico.
A functional caudal photoreceptor in blind cavernicolous
crustacean Caecidotea recurvata (Steeves, 1963), p.
species that hibernate accumulate body fat before hibernation to sustain them through winter torpor, which might last >6 months in northern regions.
Chemical and behavioral defenses of a Neotropical cavernicolous
harvestman: Goniosoma spelaeum (Opiliones, Laniatores, Gonyleptidae).
In view of extreme differences in anatomy, physiology, reproduction and reproductive cycles, growth rates and many other aspects of the biology of surface and cavernicolous
insects, I expected that nitrogen and mineral concentrations in cave crickets, Hadenoecus subterraneus, might differ in comparison with epigean, especially other orthopteran, insects.
1) contains karst landscapes with numerous caves that provide important roosting sites for cavernicolous
bats, especially at its easternmost portion in Kansas and Oklahoma.
Gnaspini (1996), for instance, described that ovigerous females of the Brazilian cavernicolous
harvestman Goniosoma spelaeum Mello-LeMo 1922 (Gonyleptidae, Goniosomatinae) leave the cave to forage more frequently than males.