The residuum was located in the parasellar area medial to the cavernous sinus
The PVP communicates with the cavernous sinus
, ophthalmic vein, maxillary vein, and facial vein; no valve exists between these veins.
Osteocartilagenous tumors (Figure 25) arising from the basicranium can extend into the cavernous sinus
or suprasellar region.
The researchers studied 139 patients with benign cavernous sinus
tumors treated from 1994 to 2002.
5 mm slice thickness) coronal, axial and sagittal CE (Magnevist) FS T1W sequences through the cavernous sinus
Fracture or shearing forces of severe head trauma may cause the internal carotid artery (1CA) to detach from its point of dural attachment and rupture, with resultant direct flow into the cavernous sinus
(Larsen, Higashida, & Connors III, 1999).
Gawel et al demonstrated increased uptake in the cavernous sinus
during gallium single-photon emission computed tomography.
17) There has also been 1 reported case of a cavernous sinus
plasmacytoma that was successfully treated with gamma-knife radiosurgery.
Sphenoid sinusitis can lead to complications such as orbital cellulitis and abscess, orbital complex syndrome, blindness, sepsis, meningitis, epidural and subdural abscess, cerebral infarction, pituitary abscess, cavernous sinus
thrombosis, and internal carotid artery thromosis.
Complications include hemorrhage, septal perforation, saddle nose deformity and, more rarely, cavernous sinus
thrombosis and periorbital emphysema.
A 35-year-old woman presented with bilateral cavernous sinus
masses and symptoms of trigeminal neuropathy.
Examples of otitis media complications include mastoiditis, meningitis, periauricular subperiosteal abscess, epidural or subdural abscess, brain abscess, lateral sinus thrombophlebitis, cavernous sinus
thrombosis, and facial paralysis.