cellular immunity


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Related to cellular immunity: MHC, humoral immunity

cellular immunity

[¦sel·yə·lər i′myü·nəd·ē]
(immunology)
Immune responses carried out by active cells rather than by antibodies.
References in periodicals archive ?
A 10-mL blood sample was collected from each participant and assayed for cellular immunity to Coccidioides spp.
A recent study proposed that a distinct polymorphism in the promoter region of the interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene may be responsible for this genetic susceptibility, as IL-10 is a cytokine that aids in downregulating cellular immunity (8).
Upon administration, a vaccine stimulates antibody production or cellular immunity against the pathogen.
Nickeloff (skin cancer research, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Chicago) and Nestle (cutaneous medicine and immunotherapy, King's College, London School of Medicine at Guy's, UK) assemble 19 review articles on autoimmune disease processes that affect the skin, covering both humoral and cellular immunity.
9) They found that deficiencies of cellular immunity could be recognized through the various immunologic parameters and immunotherapy.
These later vaccines primarily elicit cellular immunity.
It usually occurs in immunocompromised patients, particularly those with defective cellular immunity.
This study suggests that depression may impair certain aspects of innate cellular immunity relevant to delaying the progression of HIV disease and that these alterations are reversible with the resolution of a depressive episode," the investigators wrote.
It is suggested that selenium's effect on boosting cellular immunity may be due to "up regulation" of the expression of the T-cell high-affinity interleukin (IL)-2 receptor, providing a vehicle for enhanced T-cell responses, as well as prevention of oxidative stress-induced damage to immune cells.
We believe Genetronics' technology may have the potential to enhance cellular immunity, which is critical to the generation of therapeutic vaccines.
Thus far, a poorly understood disorder of cellular immunity is believed to be responsible for the more than 634 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and a rapidly growing number of cases of other unusual, often fatal, opportunistic infections and other cancers that have been reported to CDC during the last two years.
Salmonella, the bacterium responsible for food poisoning, has proven particularly attractive for this purpose, as Curtiss explains: "Orally-administered RASVs stimulate all three branches of the immune system stimulating mucosal, humoral, and cellular immunity that will be protective, in this case, against a majority of pneumococcal strains causing disease.

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