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centaur(sĕn`tôr), in Greek mythology, creature, half man and half horse. The centaurs were fathered by IxionIxion
, in Greek mythology, king of the Lapithes. Ixion murdered his father-in-law to avoid paying a price for his bride. When no one on earth would purify him, Zeus took Ixion to Olympus and purified him.
..... Click the link for more information. or by Centaurus, who was Ixion's son. Followers of Dionysus, they were uncouth and savage, but some, such as ChironChiron
, in Greek mythology, centaur, son of Kronos. He was a renowned sage, physician, and prophet. Among his pupils were Hercules, Achilles, Jason, and Asclepius. When Hercules accidentally wounded Chiron, the pain was so great that Chiron surrendered his immortality to
..... Click the link for more information. , became friends and teachers of men. Their half-brothers, the Lapiths, engaged them in a battle that was described by Ovid, depicted on the Parthenon, and sculpted by Michelangelo.
a stage used in the Atlas-C and Titan-3E American launch vehicles. The Centaur weighs about 17 tons and has two liquid-propellant rocket engines that produce a total thrust of 136 kilonewtons. Liquid hydrogen was used as a fuel for the first time in the Centaur. The first successful flight of a Centaur occurred in 1963.