Centaurium

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Related to centaury: Centaurium erythraea

Centaurium

 

(formerly Erythraea), a genus of plants of the family Gentianaceae. They are annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plants with entire leaves. The flowers are pentamerous or, less often, tetramerous, clustered in a multiflorous inflorescence. The corolla has a long tube and is pink or white. The fruit is a capsule. There are 40 to 50 species distributed throughout most of the world. In the USSR there are seven species. The best-known is C. minus, a biennial with radical leaf rosettes. Its flowers are pink, clustered in corymbose-paniculate inflorescences. It grows in meadows, scrub, forest glades, and the wastelands of the European USSR, the Caucasus, the Altai, and Middle Asia. Decoctions, infusions, and tinctures are prepared from its dried aboveground parts. These preparations are used as medicines that stimulate the appetite and aid in the improvement of digestion.

References in periodicals archive ?
And the dunes burst into colour too during the summer, with the common centaury, evening primrose and sand crocus, as well as the dwarf pansy, shepherd's cress, early purple orchid and loose flowered orchid.
The calamity is greater than all the tragedies occurred in a centaury on the earth, the minister said.
Addressing the airmen at PAF Minhas base, he directed airmen, pilots and Jawans of air force to be ready professionally keeping in view the regional situation while the training of PAF would be made in accordance with the demands of 21st centaury.
Historically, centaury was one of the traditional panaceas used for practically everything except diarrhoea (HerbMed database, 2002; Grieve, 2002; Beith, 1995).
The chicken wire stops the plants being eaten by mammals, but farther down the Meadow Path, purple loosestrife, common spotted orchid, common centaury self-heal and yellow bartsia needed no such protection.
Pembrokeshire - goldilocks aster, perennial centaury, hairy greenweed, wavy St John's wort, Tenby daffodil, small rest-harrow, three-lobed crowfoot;
The subtle lilac flowers of common centaury sheltered under swathes of marram grass and white poplar shoots.
But as the days shorten it was warming to read of Margaret's flora records for Liverpool city centre this year - bee orchid on Leeds Street, common broomrape at the junction of Christian Street and Hunter Street, bittersweet and common centaury on Bixteth Street/Pall Mall car park.
Along the coast, flowers like green-winged orchids and seaside centaury flourish in protected areas, and of course, natterjack toads and red squirrels draw the day trippers to Sefton.
What now seemed barren, desert grassland had been a blaze of colour: white from the ox-eye daisies; yellow from the Kidney Vetch and bird's-foot trefoil; the purple of the marsh orchids; the pink of centaury and rosebay.