central apnea


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central apnea

[¦sen·trəl ′ap·nē·ə]
(medicine)
A pause in breathing lasting more than 10 seconds that is caused by a failure of commands from the brain. Also known as central sleep apnea.
References in periodicals archive ?
We look at our "airflow" channel and interpret these changes as central apneas and hypopneas.
For example, apnea of prematurity and some cases of central apnea may be treated with caffeine.
Episodes of central apnea, obstructive apnea with hypopnea, as well as disturbances in the sleep/wake cycle, are most common.
Patients with central apnea may not snore and they tend to be more aware of their frequent awakenings than those with obstructive apnea.
Mixed apnea occurs when the sleeper experiences a brief period of central apnea normally followed by a longer period of obstructive apnea.
The apnea setting is usually set at 20 sec, as central apneas of this duration or longer are considered clinically significant (American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Fetus and Newborn 2003; Stokowski 2005).
So every time one of our patients falls asleep they have a short central apnea or hypopnea to let the C02 build up and every time they arouse, they breathe faster to get rid of the C02 .
3] Millman et al reported a resolution of central apnea in a male patient once a euthyroid state was achieved.
Later, Andy would be diagnosed with a seizure disorder called Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (see side bar) along with central apnea, and severe reflux.
fast, deep breathing), which because of the sudden increase in oxygen, may produce a central apnea (i.
Four of the machines inappropriately increased pressure in response to central apnea.
The mean baseline frequency of central apnea was 44 episodes/hour.
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