# centrifugal force

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Related to centrifugal force: centrifugal pump

## centrifugal force

a fictitious force that can be thought of as acting outwards on any body that rotates or moves along a curved path

## Centrifugal force

A fictitious or pseudo outward force on a particle rotating about an axis which by Newton's third law is equal and opposite to the centripetal force. Like all such action-reaction pairs of forces, they are equal and opposite but do not act on the same body and so do not cancel each other. Consider a mass M tied by a string of length R to a pin at the center of a smooth horizontal table and whirling around the pin with an angular velocity of ω radians per second. The mass rotates in a circular path because of the centripetal force FC = Mω2R which is exerted on the mass by the string. The reaction force exerted by the rotating mass M, the so-called centrifugal force, is Mω2R in a direction away from the center of rotation. See Centripetal force

From another point of view, consider an experimenter in a windowless, circular laboratory that is rotating smoothly about a centrally located vetical axis. No object remains at rest on a smooth surface; all such objects move outward toward the wall of the laboratory as though an outward, centrifugal force were acting. To the experimenter partaking in the rotation, in a rotating frame of reference, the centrifugal force is real. An outside observer would realize that the inward force which the experimenter in the rotating laboratory must exert to keep the object at rest does not keep it at rest, but furnishes the centripetal force required to keep the object moving in a circular path. The concept of an outward, centrifugal force explains the action of a centrifuge.

## centrifugal force

(sen-trif -ŭ-găl, -yŭ-găl) See centripetal force.

## Centrifugal Force

the force exerted by a moving mass point on a body or constraint that restricts the free motion of the point and that compels the point to move in a curvilinear manner. Quantitatively, a centrifugal force is equal to mv2/ρ, where m is the mass of the point, v is its velocity, and ρ is the radius of curvature of the point’s trajectory. Such a force is exerted along the principal normal to the trajectory from the center of curvature, or—if the point moves in a circle—from the center of the circle.

Centrifugal and centripetal forces are numerically equal and are exerted in opposite directions along the same line. However, they act on different bodies—as the forces of action and reaction. For example, when a mass tied to a string rotates in the horizontal plane, a centripetal force is exerted on the mass by the string, causing the mass to move in a circle. At the same time, a centrifugal force is exerted on the string by the mass, stretching the string and, at a sufficiently high velocity, possibly breaking it.

When D’Alembert’s principle is used to solve problems of dynamics, a different meaning is sometimes assigned to the term “centrifugal force.” In this case, the component of a mass point’s inertial force that is exerted along the principal normal to the trajectory is called the centrifugal force. Occasionally, when equations of relative motion are formulated, the normal component of the vehicle force of inertia also is called the centrifugal force.

## centrifugal force

[‚sen′trif·i·gəl ′fȯrs]
(mechanics)
An outward pseudo-force, in a reference frame that is rotating with respect to an inertial reference frame, which is equal and opposite to the centripetal force that must act on a particle stationary in the rotating frame.
The reaction force to a centripetal force.
References in periodicals archive ?
Utilising centrifugal forces, the new filtration systems will remove 98% of all particles as small as 75 (with progressive removal down to less than 20) micron.
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I am also intrigued to note that it works on the basis of centrifugal force.
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I will consider the rhetorical stances of each in an attempt to demonstrate that partisanship exposes itself despite stated intentions - sometimes in a counterproductive way - as the centrifugal force of marginal discourse intrudes.
In addition, running in a circular pattern at a high speed was achieved by tilting the center of gravity of ASIMO's body inside of the circle to maintain balance with the amount of centrifugal force experienced.
made concentrators use a combination of centrifugal force, vacuum and heat to speed evaporation of multiple small samples.
This additional power, combined with new base-plate geometry and optimized positioning of the center of gravity, results in a 16 percent faster working speed of 92 feet per minute; a 7 percent increase in maximum centrifugal force to 15,525 pounds; and improved gradeability of 35 percent compared with 30 percent on the previous model.
The solids flow under centrifugal force to the inner wall of the bowl forming a relatively moisture-free cake.
The centrifugal force of the rotating wheel then forces the coolant to come out of the wheel through the grind, keeping the abrasive edges clean, cool, and sharp.
For example, on the BW120AD-3 model, the economy setting produces a centrifugal force per drum of 6,525 lb, while the performance setting results in 9,225 lb of force.

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