On the other hand, women who had a prior cesarean delivery for cephalopelvic
disproportion or failure to progress have been shown to have lower TOLAC success rates ranging from 50% to 67%.
Group 1 was the leading group, with the combination of fetal distress, cephalopelvic
disproportion, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and abruptio placentae being the commonest indications.
Seven women had CS due to cephalopelvic
disproportion (CPD) or poor progress during labour.
Nonpreventable complications include breech delivery, cephalopelvic
disproportion, cord prolapse, placenta previa, and abruptio placenta.
Vaginal delivery is more difficult because of high rates of cephalopelvic
disproportion (6% vs 1% in obese versus non-obese women) and has been associated with a higher incidence of shoulder dystocia (OR 3.
Brow presentation, transverse lie, cephalopelvic
disproportion, antepartum haemorrhage due to placenta praevia, abruptio placentae.
Risk factors for OBPP include macrosomia, assisted delivery or breech presentation, prolonged labor, excessive maternal weight gain, cephalopelvic
disproportion, and subsequent shoulder dystocia.
When Long wishes, in his appendix, to explain how a craniotomy in the instance of cephalopelvic
disproportion is different from killing in self-defense, he says,
Varner demonstrated an increased risk for C-section for cephalopelvic
disproportion (CPD) for those women who themselves were delivered as newborns by C-section due to CPD (odds ratio 1.
13) Sixteen "medical risk factors" (anemia, cardiac disease, lung disease, diabetes, genital herpes, hydramnios/ oligohydramnios, hemoglobinopathy, hypertension [chronic and pregnancy-associated], eclampsia, incompetent cervix, previous infant 4000+ grams, previous preterm or small-for-gestational age infant, renal disease, Rh sensitization, and uterine bleeding) and 15 "complications of labor and/or delivery" (febrile, meconium, premature rupture of membranes, abruption placenta, placenta previa, other excessive bleeding, seizures during labor, precipitous labor, prolonged labor, dysfunctional labor, breech/malpresentation, cephalopelvic
disproportion, cord prolapse, anesthetic complication, and fetal distress) are separately identified in the natality files.
Maternal height and age: risk factors for cephalopelvic
disproortion in Zimbabwe.
However, he was not concerned about the Cephalopelvic
Disproportion (CPD) due to the fact that Angel's head was too large to descend through her mother's pelvis.