cephalopelvic disproportion


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cephalopelvic disproportion

[¦sef·ə·lō¦pel·vik ‚dis·prə′pȯr·shən]
(medicine)
A condition in which the fetus is unable to pass safely through the pelvis during labor because of pelvic contraction, an unfavorable fetal position, or a large fetal head in relation to pelvic size. Abbreviated CPD.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical practice guideline for cesarean section due to cephalopelvic disproportion.
The 40 cm cut-off can be recommended for general use in southern Africa for term parturients of black African ethnic origin, to identify women at high and low risk of complications such as shoulder dystocia and cephalopelvic disproportion.
Obstetricians diagnosed cephalopelvic disproportion or dystocia almost twice as often as family physicians (9% vs 5%, P=.
Of 224 women who gave birth during the year of this study, 38 had cesarean sections for reasons such as previous section, maternal genital herpes, primigravida breech, cephalopelvic disproportion, and fetal distress; these women were excluded from the study.
With patients who are more at risk for decreased uterine contractility (BJOG 2007;114:343-8), abnormal and dysfunctional labor patterns, gestational diabetes, and cephalopelvic disproportion, it should be no surprise that cesarean delivery is on the rise.
Patient's claim Protracted labor and slow descent of the baby indicated cephalopelvic disproportion.
Fetal weight estimates based on ultrasound are not useful in determining which women with a history of C-section due to cephalopelvic disproportion should undergo a trial of labor, results of a large retrospective study suggest.
Look at the million women a year in this culture who are sectioned for cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) and failure to progress (FTP), or who are told they have to have vacuum extractions or forceps deliveries--they were just responding to the commands they were given
Common features of a labor complicated by pneumomediastinum have been thought to include nulliparity, a prolonged 2nd stage that requires strenuous pushing,[9] and cephalopelvic disproportion or dystocia.
gestations who had spontaneous rupture of membranes within the previous six hours and who were not in labour and had no cephalopelvic disproportion.
The morning after her admission, a physician noted that the pregnancy was at term and characterized by a failed trial of labor and cephalopelvic disproportion.
It concluded that postprandial checks were associated with decreases in the number of cesareans for cephalopelvic disproportion, fewer macrosomic infants, and less shoulder dystocia and neonatal hypoglycemia.