cephalothin


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Related to cephalothin: cephalexin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, gentamicin

cephalothin

[′sef·ə·lə·thən]
(microbiology)
An antibiotic derived from the fungus Cephalosporium, resembling penicillin units in structure and activity, and effective against many gram-positive cocci that are resistant to penicillin.
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coli resistant to tetracycline, cephalothin, or chloramphenicol was observed (G < 3.
39% to cephalothin (Table 1); 9%-14% of the isolates showed multiresistance to one or more of the following antibiotics: ampicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline, dicloxacillin, and trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole, which are the basic antibiotics used in Mexico for the treatment of listeriosis (Table 2).
I looked at its susceptibilities to four antibiotics--ampicillin, cephalothin, cefamandole, and cefoxitin--in January-June 1981, 1982, and 1983.
A total of 19 antimicrobial agents were tested: ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, aztreonam, cephalothin, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, cefoxitin, imipenem, gentamicin, amikacin, streptomycin, tobramycin, kanamycin, ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazol, and nitrofurantoin.
All strains were susceptible to ampicillin, cephalothin, cefotaxime, enrofloxacin, nalidixic acid, gentamicin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, fosfomycin, tetracycline, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole.
These enzymes confer resistance to ampicillin and cephalothin and are characterized by their high hydrolytic activity against oxacillin and cloxacillin and are poorly inhibited by clavulanic acid (37).
She remained in PICU for EVD monitoring and antibiotic prophylaxis with cephalothin.
aureus INEI 2213 is registered as resistant to ampicillin, cephalothin, lincomycin, gentamicin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, erithromycin, rifampicin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline, and susceptible to vancomycin, chloramphenicol and teicoplanin.
aureus) susceptible to oxacillin, ampicillian/sulbactam, ceftriaxone, cephalothin, clindamycin, rifampin, and vancomycin.
coli Enterococcus faecalis Agent Zone Diameter (mm) Zone Diameter (mm) Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 1 Trial 2 Streptomycin 16 18 16 0 0 Tetracyclin 22 24 22 24 24 Erythromycin 8 0 8 26 26 Oxacillin 0 0 0 8 8 Chloramphenicol 26 26 24 20 22 Penicillin 0 0 0 24 24 Ampicillin 8 8 8 28 28 Nalidixic acid 24 24 24 0 0 Gentamicin 22 22 22 12 12 Cephalothin 20 20 18 14 14 Nitrofurantoin 18 18 18 18 18 Triple sulfa 30 30 30 8 8 Vancomycin 0 0 0 20 22 Carbenicillin 8 8 8 26 26 Antimicrobial Antibiotic Resistance Agent (S/I/R) (a) E.
Greater than 95% of E coli isolates were resistant to penicillin G, ampicillin, cephalothin, and sulfathiazole; no E coli were resistant to ciprofloxacin.
Antimicrobial drugs tested were ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, cefoxitin, ceftiofur, cephalothin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, sulfonamide, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.