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, Caesarian (US), Cesarean, Cesarian
1. of or relating to any of the Caesars, esp Julius Caesar (100--44 bc), Roman general, statesman, and historian
2. Surgery
a. short for Caesarean section
b. (as modifier): Caesarean birth



an operation for artificial delivery of a fetus in which the fetus and placenta are removed through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and the body of the uterus.

A cesarean is performed on a live fetus when the woman is unable without assistance to bear the child alive (when the pelvis is narrow or deformed or in the presence of severe cicatricial changes of the vagina or placenta praevia). When there is excessive or acute hemorrhage, a cesarean is performed even on a dead or nonviable fetus in order to save the mother. The term “cesarean” formerly was incorrectly associated with the legend of the birth of the Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar by means of a similar operation.

References in periodicals archive ?
The study, said first author John Francescon, was the first to link excess GWG with the risk of having a cesarean delivery that was not planned.
Indications and trends of cesarean birth delivery in the current practice scenario.
Risk factors associated with infection following cesarean section.
Therefore, vaginal preparation with antiseptic solution should be considered prior to cesarean delivery for all patients in labor.
Conclusion: Cesarean delivery rate was mainly influenced by previous cesarean.
The MFMU Cesarean Registry: factors affecting the success of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery.
The study found particularly strong associations between higher cesarean rates and concentrations of obstetrician-gynecologists per female resident as well as the numbers of hospital beds per resident.
Results: The findings of the study revealed that 13 percent of the participating women reported that the ideal mode of delivery was cesarean delivery while a great majority (87%) opted for vaginal delivery.
Those who had one uncomplicated lower segment cesarean section and have an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancyand go into spontaneous labour.
one out of three women gives birth by cesarean and more than 90% of women with a prior cesarean have a routine repeat operation.
Cesarean section has an important role in reducing the risk of maternal and fetal death due to parturition.
Among the developing countries, Brazil has one of the highest rates of cesarean sections in the world, which reached a high peak of 36.