Caesura

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caesura

1. (in modern prosody) a pause, esp for sense, usually near the middle of a verse line.
2. (in classical prosody) a break between words within a metrical foot, usually in the third or fourth foot of the line

Caesura

 

in poetry, a regular break between words in a poem.

In classical poetry, a caesura usually occurred within a foot; in accentual-syllabic verse it usually coincides with the foot ending. The caesura occurs after the second foot in the iambic pentameter line, as in “Eshche odno ∥ poslednee skazan’e” (“Yet one last tale,” Pushkin); after the third foot in iambic and trochaic hexameter lines, for example, “Dni pozdnei oseni ∥ braniat obyknovenno” (“The days of late autumn are usually cursed,” Pushkin); and occasionally after the second foot in the amphibrachic tetrameter line, as in “Gliazhu kak bezumnyi, ∥ na chernuiu shal’” (“I gaze like a madman upon the black shawl,” Pushkin). The longer the line, the greater the need for a caesura. Usually a strong intonational pause, a caesura approaches the strength of a line ending. As with a clausula, the foot preceding a caesura may by truncated or augmented; it may also rhyme, for example, “Tri u Budrysa syna, ∥ kak i on, tri litvina” (“Budrys has three sons, like him, Lithuanians,” Pushkin).


Caesura

 

in music, a division between sections of a musical work. Together with other factors, a caesura ensures the perception of the articulation of a work and its structure. There are no special markings to indicate a caesura; in part, phrasing ligatures permit their location to be judged. In a number of instances, a caesura coincides with natural pauses between notes; they always appear after melodic and harmonic cadences, after a hold, and at transitions to a repeat. The significance, or impact, of a caesura is proportional to the scale of the sections it divides and the degree to which they appear a completed entity. In a number of instances, varying opinions concerning the location and significance of a caesura are possible; together with other features, such differences mold the distinctiveness of individual interpretations.

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Se da una parte il Futurismo vuole programmaticamente segnare una cesura tra il prima e il poi, dall'altra questa cesura avviene non sfondando le porte della vita ma testandone i cardini, in una dialettica, come abbiamo visto, che sembra preludere a un discorso metamorfico piu che di rottura iconoclastica.
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E un'invenzione che in Italia (e non solo in Italia) ha segnato una cesura profonda fra le vecchie e le nuove generazioni di montatori, una cesura simile a quella che si verifichera negli anni Novanta (provocata dall'avvento dei computer e del software Avid per il montaggio).
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Nel caso in esame e forse venuto il momento di correggere la rotta non per tornare alla vecchia caccia alle fonti neutra e descrittiva, o dimostrare la superiorita dei modelli con un meccanico confronto con i prodotti da essi derivati, ma per mettere in evidenza una cesura cronologica inconfondibile, quella di una civilta letteraria europea in formazione tanto diversa da quella della Venezia degli Incogniti.
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