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Any perennial plant whose winter buds are within 10 inches (25 centimeters) of the soil surface.



a life form of plants whose renewal buds are found a short distance (20–30 cm) above the ground and are usually protected in winter by the snow cover. Chamaephytes include shrublets (whortleberry, heath), subshrublets (thyme, many species of wormwood), certain perennial herbs (Lamium), and mosses. Chamaephytes prevail in tundras, high mountains, deserts, and certain Mediterranean types of vegetation. The term “chamaephyte” was proposed by the Danish botanist K. Raunkiaer.

References in periodicals archive ?
Life form: Cha = Chamaephyte, Cry = Cryptophyte, Hem = Hemicryptophyte, Hy = Hydrophytes.
Growth form (erect, semi-erect, or prostrate) and life form (trees, phanerophyte, chamaephyte, annual shrubs, perennial forbs, perennial grasses, biennial forbs, therophyte, or climbers) were assigned following Ali and Jari [1] and Sankary[26].
Among which chamaephyte, a perennial plant that sets its dormant vegetative buds just at or above the surface of the ground; geophyte, a perennial plant that propagates by underground bulbs or tubers or corms; phanerophyte, the surviving buds or shoot apices are borne on shoots which projected into the air.
Arenaria cumberlandensis Wofford & Kral [Minuartia cumberlandensis (Wofford & Kral) McNeill (McNeill, 1980; Wofford, 1981)], is a passive chamaephyte (cf.
Origanum ramonense is a low chamaephyte that is confined to smooth limestone rocks in the Negev Highlands.
The chamaephyte Kickxia petrana and the hemicryptophyte Silene danaensis are also endemic, common to sandstone and limestone cliffs in southwestern Jordan.