Chamberlain


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Related to Chamberlain: Lord Chamberlain, Joseph Chamberlain

chamberlain

1. an officer who manages the household of a king
2. the steward of a nobleman or landowner
3. the treasurer of a municipal corporation

Chamberlain

1. Sir (Joseph) Austen. 1863--1937, British Conservative statesman; foreign secretary (1924--29); awarded a Nobel peace prize for his negotiation of the Locarno Pact (1925)
2. his father, Joseph. 1836--1914, British statesman; originally a Liberal, he resigned in 1886 over Home Rule for Ireland and became leader of the Liberal Unionists; a leading advocate of preferential trading agreements with members of the British Empire
3. his son, (Arthur) Neville. 1869--1940, British Conservative statesman; prime minister (1937--40): pursued a policy of appeasement towards Germany; following the German invasion of Poland, he declared war on Germany on Sept. 3, 1939
4. Owen. born 1920, US physicist, who discovered the antiproton. Nobel prize for physics jointly with Emilio Segré 1959

Chamberlain

 

(German, Kammerherr), a court title in Western European monarchies. It was first introduced in medieval Spain and was then established by Charles V in Germany in the 16th century and by Catherine II in Russia in the 18thcentury. Originally, the chamberlain was an official of the courtin charge of some definite branch of court administration. Linked with these functions were the regalia of the chamberlain adopted in many countries—a golden key on a blue ribbon. In Russia, a ukase of Alexander I of Apr. 3, 1809, reduced the court staff of the chamberlains (kamergery), and the title sub sequently became honorary. In Russia beginning in 1836, only members of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) in state service with a ranknot lower than deistviteVnyi statskii sovetnik (actual state councilor, the fourth highest rank in the Table of Ranks), were recommended for the title of kamerger.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chamberlain, French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Italian leader Benito Mussolini met The Fuhrer in Munich and allowed him to take Sudetenland.
For sixty-four consecutive years there was a Chamberlain in the representation of Birmingham, their unique urban citadel.
During his trial, Chamberlain said he had used the pole in self-defence.
Chamberlain is recognised as being the man who transformed Birmingham during his time as mayor by forcibly buying gas and water utility companies on behalf of residents and his vigorous campaigns for educational and social reform.
Desperate to avoid a European war, Chamberlain had repeatedly "appeased'' Adolf Hitler -- had given in to Hitler's demands to expand the German empire into Eastern Europe -- which, rather than satisfy Hitler, only increased his lust for more "lebensraum'' (living space) for his "master race'' of Aryan Germans.
Bryant entered the game four points behind Chamberlain.
This is probably going to spark a bunch of stuff and (Yankees PR director Jason) Zillo is going to be mad at me," said Chamberlain, at Spring Training.
When a bleary and annoyed Chamberlain, speaking through his door, told the officers he was fine, they insisted on coming in anyway.
An inquest heard how Mr Chamberlain was a former heroin user who had successfully fought his addiction and come off drugs.
The coroner's finding ends a three-decade fight for justice by Azaria's parents, Michael Chamberlain and Lindy Chamberlain, who was jailed for three years over her daughter's death before she was later cleared.
Unlike most traditional sculptors, Chamberlain instinctively thought in terms of volume rather than of mass and weight.
Her parents expect the court to declare officially that Azaria was killed by a dingo, rather than by her mother Lindy Chamberlain, a lawyer representing parents Lindy and Michael Chamberlain said.