Chamberlain

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chamberlain

1. an officer who manages the household of a king
2. the steward of a nobleman or landowner
3. the treasurer of a municipal corporation

Chamberlain

1. Sir (Joseph) Austen. 1863--1937, British Conservative statesman; foreign secretary (1924--29); awarded a Nobel peace prize for his negotiation of the Locarno Pact (1925)
2. his father, Joseph. 1836--1914, British statesman; originally a Liberal, he resigned in 1886 over Home Rule for Ireland and became leader of the Liberal Unionists; a leading advocate of preferential trading agreements with members of the British Empire
3. his son, (Arthur) Neville. 1869--1940, British Conservative statesman; prime minister (1937--40): pursued a policy of appeasement towards Germany; following the German invasion of Poland, he declared war on Germany on Sept. 3, 1939
4. Owen. born 1920, US physicist, who discovered the antiproton. Nobel prize for physics jointly with Emilio Segré 1959

Chamberlain

 

(German, Kammerherr), a court title in Western European monarchies. It was first introduced in medieval Spain and was then established by Charles V in Germany in the 16th century and by Catherine II in Russia in the 18thcentury. Originally, the chamberlain was an official of the courtin charge of some definite branch of court administration. Linked with these functions were the regalia of the chamberlain adopted in many countries—a golden key on a blue ribbon. In Russia, a ukase of Alexander I of Apr. 3, 1809, reduced the court staff of the chamberlains (kamergery), and the title sub sequently became honorary. In Russia beginning in 1836, only members of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) in state service with a ranknot lower than deistviteVnyi statskii sovetnik (actual state councilor, the fourth highest rank in the Table of Ranks), were recommended for the title of kamerger.

References in classic literature ?
It came into my head that he must have occupied this very vault of mine, and I got out of bed to assure myself that there were no red marks about; then opened the door to look out into the passages, and cheer myself with the companionship of a distant light, near which I knew the chamberlain to be dozing.
I particularly remember that the Chamberlain, or old Grimm or somebody, said how horrible it was, when they came up at her call, to see a girl holding spring flowers and bending over that--that bloody collapse.
They had the girl most ruthlessly searched; for, to tell the truth, she was a little suspect, though the niece and ward of the wicked old Chamberlain, Paul Arnhold.
For this and only this he had bought the traitor and butchered the hero, for this he had long questioned and cross-questioned the false Chamberlain, until he had come to the conclusion that, touching his ignorance, the renegade really told the truth.
I'm going to have another look at that portrait of the Chamberlain, the Arnhold who betrayed his brethren," answered the priest.
When the Queen sees them doing this she signs to the servants to wash up and put away, and then everybody adjourns to the dance, the Queen walking in front while the Lord Chamberlain walks behind her, carrying two little pots, one of which contains the juice of wall-flower and the other the juice of Solomon's Seals.
Ozma's High Chamberlain now hurried forward to announce the names of the new arrivals, calling out in a loud voice:
After this had been received by Dorothy with proper thanks and placed on the table with the other presents, the visitors from Hiland and Loland were escorted to their rooms by the High Chamberlain.
They had no sooner departed than the band before the palace began to play again, announcing more arrivals, and as these were doubtless from foreign parts the High Chamberlain hurried back to receive them in his most official manner.
He knew not on whom to vent his grief and wrath, until fortunately bethinking himself of the lord chamberlain who had brought him home, he struck off his pension and his head together.
The Chamberlains were an outstanding exception, their wealth and influence urban-based and derived from manufacturer and commerce.
At Chamberlains, the owners' emphasis is on quality and value.