chamois


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chamois

(shăm`ē), hollow-horned, hoofed mammal, Rupicapra rupicapra, found in the mountains of Europe and the E Mediterranean. It is about the size of a large goat and is light brown with a black tail, a black back stripe, and black markings on its face. In winter its coat is darker. Its uniquely shaped horns are erect, with terminal hooks pointed backward. The hooves can cling to rocky surfaces because of their elasticity, and the animal is able to leap with agility. It ranges to the snow line in summer, but in winter stays in lower areas. In autumn the adult males, which live apart from the herds of females and young, return for mating. The young are born in spring. The skin was the original chamois leather, but the name is now applied also to leather made from the skins of other animals. The chamois has been introduced into New Zealand. Chamois are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

Chamois

 

leather made by fat tanning reindeer hide, sheepskin, or calfskin. Chamois is noted for its softness, velvety quality, and impermeability; it is dyed various colors. Chamois is highly porous. It is used to make clothing, footwear, and gloves, and also to filter gasoline (water separation) and polish optical lenses. Artificial chamois can be made by saturating fabric with a chamois-like nap with a rubber glue (for shoes) or by sprinkling chopped cotton fiber on fabric covered with rubber glue (for haberdashery items).


Chamois

 

(Rupicapra rupicapra), an artiodactyl ruminant of the family Bovidae. The head is small, and the snout is pointed. Both the males and the females have hook-shaped horns. The chamois is 65–70 cm high at the shoulder and weighs up to 40 kg. In the summer its coat is short and reddish yellow; in the winter it is long, thick, and black-brown.

The chamois inhabits the mountains of Europe—the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Apennines, the Carpathians, the Balkan Mountains. In the USSR it is found in the Caucasus. It also is encountered at high elevations of Asia Minor. In the summer the chamois ranges near the timberline and in alpine meadows; in the winter it lives only in forests. The chamois is a solitary animal or lives in herds of as many as 100 individuals. The animal climbs easily on cliffs; it feeds on grass and, sometimes, on the shoots and leaves of shrubs. Mating in the Caucasus occurs in mid-November, and one or two young are born in May. The chamois is a game animal. The meat is edible, and the hides are used for throw rugs and collars.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, I. I. Kopytnye zveri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 1. issue 3.)
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.

I. I. SOKOLOV

chamois

[′sham·ē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Rupicapra rupicapra. A goatlike mammal included in the tribe Rupicaprini of the family Bovi-dae.

chamois

1. a sure-footed goat antelope, Rupicapra rupicapra, inhabiting mountains of Europe and SW Asia, having vertical horns with backward-pointing tips
2. a soft suede leather formerly made from the hide of this animal, now obtained from the skins of sheep and goats
3. a yellow to greyish-yellow colour
References in periodicals archive ?
The items currently offered include the Chamois Towel in blue and camouflage colors.
Parameters (a,b) Substrates Embryonic % stages Destruction Chamois paper 24h 87.
The present research aims at describing the autumnal diet composition and food preferences of male and female Alpine chamois living in sympatry with red and roe deer in central Italian Alps by analysis of rumen contents available during the hunting season (September-November) and to confirm the following hypothesis: H1) as in autumn spatial segregation between genders is low, due to the approaching mating season, male and female diets are very similar in our samples; H2) chamois diet is more similar to red deer than to roe deer diet, due to the different feeding habits and habitat use of these species; H3) as a consequence of H2, palatable plant species are more positively selected by chamois in areas where spatial overlap with red deer is higher.
Short of another markhor, or a "real" Chartreuse chamois, there wasn't much wiggle room left.
melitensis biovar 3 from a chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) in the Southern French Alps.
The blinds for the chamois hunt were scattered along the mountainside up from the city of Bad Ischle, a city thousands of years old and where Emperor Franz Josef hunted assiduously for decades, taking more than 1,000 chamois, his favorite game animal.
Up to now, the closest I've been to a chamois was when drying off the car after it's been washed.
In consultations since the imposition of provisional duties, Brussels has faced Chinese criticism that it was acting unfairly by ignoring similar cheap prices in Turkish chamois exports.
And to help reduce the friction between your perineum and the seat, Cole recommends keeping your sensitive spots lubricated with Butt Balm or Chamois Butter.
The chamois leather culture is on the rise in Britain, and it has absolutely nothing to do with polishing cars.
You can throw out those grimy chamois leathers with all the memories of sweating away to get a mark-free finish.
Elsewhere, her text has been amended by the American editors to take in additional information, some of it helpful but sometimes less so (do we really need to be told that chamois are 'small goat-like animals'?