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1. the head of the government in several European countries
2. US the president of a university or, in some colleges, the chief administrative officer
3. Brit and Canadian the honorary head of a university
4. US (in some states) the presiding judge of a court of chancery or equity
5. Brit the chief secretary of an embassy
6. Christianity a clergyman acting as the law officer of a bishop
7. Archaic the chief secretary of a prince, nobleman, etc.



(Russian, kantsler; from German Kanzler).

(1) In the feudal states of medieval Europe, the highest official, whose duties included directing the royal chancellery and archive and keeping the state seal.

(2) In tsarist Russia, state chancellor (gosudarstvennyi kantsler) was the highest civil rank. According to the table of ranks of 1722, it corresponded to the military rank of field marshal (general-feVdmarshal).

(3) In Germany from 1871 to 1945, the Reichskanzler was the head of the government; from 1934 he also exercised the powers of head of state.

(4) In the Federal Republic of Germany and in Austria, the federal chancellor is the head of the government.

(5) In Great Britain, the chancellor of the exchequer is the minister of finance; the lord high chancellor is the chairman of the House of Lords.

(6) In Switzerland, the chancellor of the Federation is the leader in the secretariat to the highest federal executive and administrative bodies (Federal Council and Federal Assembly).



(Reichskanzler). (1) In the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the sole minister of all of Germany and chairman of the Bundesrat. Appointed by the emperor, the chancellor was the executive head of the empire.

(2) In the Weimar Republic of 1919–33, the head of government, appointed by the president with the approval of the Reichstag. In 1933 so-called presidential cabinets were created, which in circumvention of the constitution did not rely on the confidence of the parliament. From 1933 to 1945, Hitler was chancellor, and in 1934 he consolidated the powers of the head of government and state, abolishing the office of president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Only time will tell if George Osborne's chancellorship has been a success
Common across the SADC region is the striking male dominance in the university vice chancellorship, suggesting under-representation of women in the vice chancellorship as reflected in Table 1 and Figure 1.
Her savior came in the unlikely form of the then Social Democratic Chancellor Gerhard Schroder, whose wild performance on election night handed her the chancellorship.
Her saviour came in the unlikely form of the then Social Democratic Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, whose wild performance on election night handed her the chancellorship.
On the banking sector Cable is explicit about what the long game might look like if we were to ever see a Cable Chancellorship.
Unlike the British ambassador to the Vatican who believed Hitler's policies would change for the better, Pacelli was convinced from the beginning of Hitler's chancellorship that he would become more dangerous (201).
Germany opposed the invasion under the previous chancellorship of Gerhard Schroder, whom Steinmeier served as chief-of-staff).
In 1997, when Mr Brown began his long Chancellorship, savers held pounds 8.
The search committee began early yesterday morning interviewing three finalists for the chancellorship and did not complete the task until just before its 4 p.
Prize-money is pitiful when one remembers that during Denis Healey's chancellorship Bric aimed at pounds 12,000 per race minimum, and the cost of horse transport is increasing yet again.
Du Vair fares hardly better in Alexandre Tarriete's study of his quarrel with d'Epernon over the honor due to him by virtue of his office as the Royal Keeper of the Seals, at times considered a form of chancellorship.
After being appointed to the chancellorship she held a two-day symposium on diversity and excellence instead of holding a formal inauguration.