river engineering

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river engineering

[′riv·ər ‚en·jə‚nir·iŋ]
(civil engineering)
A branch of transportation engineering consisting of the physical measures which are taken to improve a river and its banks.

River engineering

A branch of civil engineering that involves the control and utilization of rivers for the benefit of humankind. Its scope includes river training, channel design, flood control, water supply, navigation improvement, hydraulic structure design, hazard mitigation, and environmental enhancement. River engineering is also necessary to provide protection against floods and other river disasters. The emphasis is often on river responses, long-term and short-term, to changes in nature, and stabilization and utilization, such as damming, channelization, diversion, bridge construction, and sand or gravel mining. Evaluation of river responses is essential at the conceptual, planning, and design phases of a project and requires the use of fundamental principles of river and sedimentation engineering. See Canal, Dam

References in periodicals archive ?
In a 5-ha highly convergent catchment with a dense grass buffer, flow channelisation reduced bedload trapping and resulted in scour of the buffer.
Investment should be encouraged through channelisation of migrant savings, simplification of procedures, linking of institutional facilities with migrants', savings, provision of supervised loans and credits, opening of special counters in banks, and other agencies and to encourage import of modern agricultural and other professional equipment.
Tenders are invited for Channelisation of Nallah including excavation, cutting of banks/bed in desired slope, concreting in banks etc.
Many of the agricultural soils in this catchment are characterised by shallow topsoil layers and highly dispersible subsoils (Northcote 1966; Hird 1991), which, coupled with a high degree of channelisation associated with the dissected sloping topography, predisposes the landscape to gully erosion.
The location and rate of development of gullies are controlled by a channelisation initiation function that is related to runoff and soil erodibility (Willgoose et al.
The decline of the species can be linked to adverse physical changes to its habitats (including fragmentation, regulation, dredging and channelisation of watercourses) and the resulting scarcity of host fish.