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see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.



, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
References in periodicals archive ?
ANF Lahore Road Check Team on pursuance of an information, seized a another Car near Joharabad, Sargodha-Mianwali Road, Mianwali and recovered 16 Kg Chars from the secret cavities of the car.
8 Kg Chars concealed inside different parts of the vehicle.
The char formed after UL-94 test was first sputter-coated with a conductive layer, and then its surface morphology was observed by a scanning electron microscopy (Model JSM-7500F, Japan).
As particulas de char podem representar uma pequena fracao do po e ainda estarem misturadas a grandes quantidades de finos de coque.
The yield of pine chars produced under the controlled thermal treatment condition in this study was significantly affected by the heating rate.
According to Lima, poultry char is perfectly suited for use in wastewater treatment systems, for scavenging metals discharged by industrial activities, and for adsorbing excess fertilizer nutrients from farming operations.
RAWALPINDI, May 08, 2010 (Frontier Star): The staff of Anti Narcotic Force (ANF) Rawalpindi has arrested 4 smugglers during raids in different areas and seized Chars and 2 vehicles from their possession here the other day.
KARACHI, January 28, 2010 (Frontier Star ): Police on Thursday seized Chars weighing fifty maund worth million of rupees here from jurisdiction of Sachal police station Karachi Super highway however no criminal could be arrested.
DASKA, November 27, 2009 (Frontier Star): Circle police during patrolling recovered illegal weapons and five hundred gram Chars from six persons here on Friday.
GARHI KHARO, November 07, 2009 (Frontier Star): The police recovered six-maund Chars worth than millions of rupees and foiled the bid of drug trafficking near Garhi Kharo on Saturday.
QUETTA, August 31, 2009 (Frontier Star): The anti narcotics force foiled chars smuggling bid on Monday and recovered a huge cache of chars from their possession.
QUETTA, August 27, 2009 (Frontier Star): Continuing their good work, Anti Narcotics Force on Thursday foiled a smuggling attempt and arrested two culprits along with huge cache of Chars in Quetta here on Thursday.