charter

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charter,

document granting certain rights, powers, or functions. It may be issued by the sovereign body of a state to a local governing body, university, or other corporation or by the constituted authority of a society or order to a local unit. The term was widely applied to various royal grants of rights in the Middle Ages and in early modern times. The most famous political charter is the Magna CartaMagna Carta
or Magna Charta
[Lat., = great charter], the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.
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 of England. Chartered companies held broad powers of trade and government by royal charter. In colonial America, chartered colonies were in theory, and to an extent in fact, less subject to royal interference than were royal colonies.

Charter

 

(ustav), a body of rules regulating the structure, procedures, and activities of a state agency, enterprise, or institution or of a particular field of activity. Charters in the USSR include the Rules of Railroads of the USSR and the Statute on Secondary General-education Schools. Charters also regulate the armed forces of the USSR (see). Most charters are approved by the highest bodies of state authority in the USSR; the charters of some institutions and organizations are approved by the appropriate ministries and departments. Voluntary sports societies, the various artists’ unions, dacha-building and housing-construction cooperatives, and other organizations are also governed by charters.

Most international organizations have charters that outline their goals, organizational structure, and activities, for example, the Charter of the United Nations.

charter

1. a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc., and specifying its purposes and rights
2. a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
3. the fundamental principles of an organization; constitution
4. 
a. the hire or lease of transportation
b. the agreement or contract regulating this
c. (as modifier): a charter flight
5. a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirable
6. Maritime law another word for charterparty
References in periodicals archive ?
Charter members can participate in Engage's advisory board, helping to develop new functionality and features.
Under the contract CBCWA bills charter members for operation and maintenance (O&M) costs, fixed costs (including the payment of debt service and capital costs), and security fund deposits.
The company also announced SpryWare, a Chicago-based software company providing ultra low latency, standardized market data in the financial services marketplace, as a charter member of the program.
Dave and Krishnan are successors to Gautam Prakash, Managing Partner at Monsoon Capital, and Samir Desai, CEO at Aditi, respectively; Prakash and Desai will both resume their roles as TiE-Boston charter members.
The credit union chartered to serve Lane County government employees is searching for its charter members as part of its 50th anniversary.
Ex Libris Group has formed the Primo Charter Members Program to give organizations the opportunity to collaborate on the development of Primo, a single, unified solution to discover and deliver local and remote scholarly information resources.
The Charter Members include: Green Marketing, Mastey, Bioderm Research, Long Island Saucier, New Hope Natural Media, SunRose Aromatics, Aubrey Organics, Swheat Scoop, Amin Law, Naturade, Maplewood Bake Company, Phoenix Brands, Jason Natural Products, NPI Center, SuryaHenna/Vedic Hindus, ABRAPAN (association of Brazilian natural product producers), Frutarom USA, DNA Associates, Greyston Bakery and Lunds/Byerly's.
The Center for Responsible Appraisals and Valuations announced eight new members that have joined its organization and, as such, compose the first group of appraisers, lenders, and industry experts nationwide to become charter members, dedicated to ensuring fair and accurate appraisals for homebuyers.
Of the 400 charter members of the Friends, 60 are still living in the Antelope Valley area including: Sally Lynch, first vice president; Mary Kesslring, second vice president; Stephan Byron, third vice president; Allma Cothran, recording secretary; Ruth Hoffmeyer, corresponding secretary; Jim Vose, treasurer; Josephine Kollar, parliamentarian; Jim Cherry and Cenith Wilcox, directors; and Joe Davies, historian.
NYSE:HIT) and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation), and Texas Instruments Incorporated as charter members of the BDTI Benchmark Partner Program(SM).
They kicked around The Climbing Vines, Noisy Birdwomen, Homing Pigeons and Gadflies before Earhart, the club's first president, suggested they keep it simple - something like the total of the club's charter members, 99.

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