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(shătō`, Fr. shätō`), royal or seignioral residence and stronghold of medieval France—the counterpart of the English castlecastle,
type of fortified dwelling characteristic of the Middle Ages. Fortification of towns had been in practice since antiquity, but in the 9th cent. feudal lords began to develop the private fortress-residence known as the castle.
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 of the period. In such a fortress, peasants of the surrounding country took refuge during time of war. The early fortified château, called a château-fort, reached its culmination in the late 15th cent., when the magnificent feudal Pierrefonds was built near Compiègne. The 16th-century château, with its gardens and outbuildings, was usually surrounded by a moat, but was only lightly fortified. Notable châteaus of the transition period between the military château and the later country estate with extensive landed property are those of the Loire, Indre, and Cher valleys, such as Chambord, Amboise, Blois, Chenonceaux, Azay-le-Rideau, and Chaumont.


See study by F. Gébelin (tr. 1964).


A castle or imposing country residence of nobility in old France; any large country estate.


château, 1
1.A castle or imposing country residence of nobility in old France.
2. Now, any French country estate.


, château
1. a country house, castle, or manor house, esp in France
2. (in Quebec) the residence of a seigneur or (formerly) a governor
3. (in the name of a wine) estate or vineyard
References in periodicals archive ?
After the activities everyone will meet at the Chateau Cartier Golf Clubhouse for the prizes and cocktails from 4:30 - 6:30 p.
To stay in a chateau, to stroll a topiariedgarden, to sit down to dinner under an exquisite chandelier .
2010 Chateau de la Grave "Grains Fins", Bourg & Cytes de Bourg, $22.
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Starting with the region of Fronsac, CHATEAU DALEM, under the ownership of the charismatic Brigitte Rullier-Loussert, showed plenty of floral edges to the palate and a bold delivery of pastille fruit and a soft finish.
Sylvie Testud portrays a French maid who wearily endures the advances of two Americans in ``The Chateau.
Chateau d'Yquem sells for well over $100 for a standard bottle.
MONT-TREMBLANT, Quebec -- In an unprecedented international humanitarian relief effort, Chateau Beauvallon, a boutique hotel located in the Laurentian mountains of Quebec, is offering to provide free lift tickets and discounted lodging to American skiers.
April 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Studio Chateau, the most innovative and cutting-edge new home custom options software program, has been selected by national homebuilder Benchmark Communities to execute their online options selection program.
The sale includes an amazing 18 vintages of Chateau Mouton-Rothschild, from 1947 to 2000,12 vintages of Chateau Haut-Brion ranging from 1945 to 2000 and nine vintages of Chateau Latour, starting with a 1955 and running up to 1988.
Quietly, Le Petit Chateau has continued steadily in North Hollywood, cooking basically the same traditional French food (with some exceptions) introduced by its French founder-chef-owner in the mid-'60s.
Themed "Chateau Cabaret," the weekend celebration of Washington wines featured Picnic with the Winemakers, winemaker dinners and a spectacular black tie Gala Auction on the grounds of Chateau Ste.