Two chemical extracts from basil are used, an ether, methyl chavicol
(estragole) and the alcohol linalool.
The practice of bark distillation, which produces an oil that smells strongly of aniseed and contains 80-97% methyl chavicol
as well as limonene, anethole, and linalol, is threatening the survival of Ravensara anisata, the Madagascan tree from which the oil is extracted.
Linalool is responsible for the light floral character; eugenol, the clove; and methyl chavicol
, the anise.
For instance, it was demonstrated that Ocimum sanctum essential oil and two of its main components, methyl chavicol
and linalool, target the structural and functional integrity of the cytoplasmic membrane in Candida (Khan et al.
The high economic value of this plant is due to the presence of phenyl propanoids, like eugenol, chavicol
and their derivatives, or terpenoids, like the monoterpene alcohol linalool, methyl cinnamate and limonene .
from Aldrich (USA), linalool from Aldrich (Germany), carvone from SAFC (USA), and limonene from Himedia (India) were purchased, whereas all inorganic chemicals were of analytical grade and were procured from E.
Rajab Baygi et al reported after treating plants with Fe the relative percentage of methyl chavicol
The main component for its essential oil was methyl chavicol
(estragole) with 95.
In the present work we have investigated the effect of sub-inhibitory concentrations of previously used OSEO (methyl chavicol
as lead component, Khan et al.
Such chemicals include hydroxychavicol, chavibetol, piperbetol, arecoline, carvacrol, caryophyllene, piperitol, eugenol, isoeugenol, allyl pyrocatechol, chavicol
, safrole, anethole, betasitosterol, beta-sitosteryl palmitate, dotriacontanoic acid, tritriacontane, piperine, piperlonguminine, chavibetol acetate, estragole, piperols A and B, and pyrocatechol diacetate (Zeng et al.
, [alpha]-calacorene and [alpha]-corocalene (low amount) from C.
Ocimum basilicum CT Methyl Chavicol
is grown in several places including Reunion, Comoro, and Egypt.