drug addiction

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drug addiction


drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
The Essentials of Chemical Dependency is not a self-help book designed for popular entertainment.
Aldine Corporation established its first Twin Town inpatient chemical dependency center in St.
entered intensive inpatient treatment for chemical dependency.
Located in the greater Portland, Oregon metropolitan area, Cedar Hills Hospital is a private, freestanding psychiatric hospital specializing in mental health and chemical dependency care for men and women 18 years and older.
It's important to note that the presence of these challenges along with chemical dependency does not necessarily disqualify a person from admission at a particular treatment center.
As competition for ever scarcer healthcare dollars increases, chemical dependency treatment organizations must be clear that their primary focus is on the chemically dependent population and that the process to determine dependence is both transparent and accountable.
In this study, a panel of three of the research team members (all MSW's certified by the state of Texas, two of whom also have certification in the chemical dependency field) reviewed each client's responses to identify alcohol or drug problems.
Chapter 2, "Chemical Dependency Among Nurses," addresses the specific impact that chemical dependency has on nurses.
This book represents the author's personal visits to many chemical dependency treatment centers during a 2-year journey through the 48 contiguous states.
an alcohol and chemical dependency rehabilitation center located in Westhampton Beach, New York as well as 7 outpatient facilities and 27 not-for-profit halfway houses located throughout Long Island.
Request for Proposal: Base-rate group residential housing for adult men and/or women with chemical dependency or co-occurring mental illness and chemical dependency
Treatment for chemical dependency historically (at least in those programs embracing the 12-Step tradition) has been singularly focused in terms of outcome.

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