drug addiction

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drug addiction

or

drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
Our team genuinely cares for our patients and their families that are experiencing mental health and chemical dependency problems," adds Mansfield.
The first was to outline the adoption of optimal safeguards which allow nurses to bypass the chemical dependency trap.
Fully 80% of the adolescents successfully completed the chemical dependency treatment program--a rate much higher than the national average.
It's important to note that the presence of these challenges along with chemical dependency does not necessarily disqualify a person from admission at a particular treatment center.
One of these early leaders' characteristics was their absolute commitment to the larger enterprise of chemical dependency treatment.
Twin Town of Los Alamitos is the only chemical dependency service provider in California to have received Joint Commission Accreditation for Health Organizations with Commendation.
This book represents the author's personal visits to many chemical dependency treatment centers during a 2-year journey through the 48 contiguous states.
Cedar Hills Hospital has launched a new program tailored to women with multiple mental health and chemical dependency issues.
The goal of the chemical dependency treatment program is to provide greater access to chemical dependency assessment and treatment for enrollees of Gateway s Residential Program.
June 9 /PRNewswire/ -- The 8th International Conference on Pain and Chemical Dependency (ICPCD) has released its final agenda and faculty listing and is now accepting registrations for the October 29th meeting, to be held at the Loews Philadelphia Hotel.
Chemical dependency treatment experienced managed care's entry more painfully than any other healthcare sector.
For more than 20 years, it's been my job to help Oregon employers understand how chemical dependency affects their companies and what they can do about it.

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