chickenpox


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Related to chickenpox: Chickenpox vaccine

chickenpox

or

varicella

(vâr'əsĕl`ə), infectious disease usually occurring in childhood. It is caused by the same herpesvirus, varicella-zoster, that produces shingles; the virus can hide in the nerves after a chickenpox infection has passed and cause shingles later in life (see herpes zosterherpes zoster,
infection of a ganglion (nerve center) with severe pain and a blisterlike eruption in the area of the nerve distribution, a condition called shingles. The causative organism is varicella-zoster, a common, filtrable virus that also causes chickenpox, and can hide
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). Chickenpox is highly communicable and is characterized by an easily recognizable rash consisting of blisterlike lesions that appear two to three weeks after infection. Usually there are also low fever and headache. When the lesions have crusted over, the disease is believed to be no longer communicable; however, most patients simultaneously exhibit lesions at different stages of eruption. Chickenpox is usually a mild disease requiring little treatment other than medication to relieve the troublesome itching, but care must be taken that the rash does not become secondarily infected by bacteria. Pneumonia and encephalitis are rare complications. A vaccine for chickenpox was approved for use in the United States in 1995. The drug acyclovir may be used to treat the disease, particularly in older patients.

chickenpox

[′chik·ən‚päks]
(medicine)
A mild, highly infectious viral disease of humans caused by a herpesvirus and characterized by vesicular rash. Also known as varicella.

chickenpox

a highly communicable viral disease most commonly affecting children, characterized by slight fever and the eruption of a rash
References in periodicals archive ?
About the chickenpox spread Dr Salma informed that chickenpox is very highly contagious and it is easily passed between members of families and school classmates through airborne particles, droplets in exhaled air and fluid from the blisters or sores and it also can be transmitted indirectly by contact with articles of clothing and other items exposed to fresh drainage from open sores.
The head of the sector also reported that health services are being strengthened to provide timely referrals to children and adults who are infected with chickenpox.
Vaccines to protect children from chickenpox are given at one year of age.
Emergence of such a large number of cases in winter (off season) has caused the Directorate General of Health Services, Punjab to approach high ups of the Specialised Healthcare and Medical Education Department with the suggestion to take measures to control the infection and treat chickenpox patients.
About one-third of people who have had chickenpox get shingles.
Along with chickenpox vaccine, hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines are also out of stock.
Once you have chickenpox, you should be immune for life, however one in three who have had chickenpox will go on to develop shingles later in life.
The vaccine is suitable for patients aged one to 65 and is only recommended for those who have never had chickenpox.
More than one lakh general practitioners/doctors provided awareness and guidelines regarding the symptoms, diagnoses and treatment of chickenpox through sms system already placed with the help of Punjab Information and Technology Board.
Chickenpox is often treated at home through over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol to relieve fever and discomfort.
But the chickenpox study is the first to use digital epidemiology to show the effectiveness of a vaccine, said Kevin Bakker, a doctoral student in the U-M Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.